Performance Improvement 1997. Chapter II. Highlights of Selected Evaluations Completed During Fiscal Year 1996


In this chapter, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) highlights evaluations of general interest to the public health and human services community and illustrates the diversity of HHS evaluations completed in fiscal year (FY) 1996. Included are summaries of 11 evaluation projects selected by the Senior Editorial Advisors on the basis of criteria identified in appendix C and applied to 34 reports nominated by HHS agencies. These criteria are as follows:

  • Is the report important? Does it address a significant issue or problem for which evaluation would help confirm or change program direction? Does it measure program impact? Are the findings likely to be useful and generalizable?
  • Is the report methodologically sound? Are its concepts, designs, data collection, and analyses conducted and reported in a competent manner?
  • Is the report faithful to the data? Do the conclusions and recommendations logically follow from the data and analyses, and are they relevant to the questions asked?

Each summary includes a brief abstract; a description of the study, including its purpose, background, methods, findings, and use of results; the names of any publications that resulted; and the name and phone number of the person to contact for additional information.