This issue focuses on the challenge of translating health promotion and disease prevention research into practice across health professions, health care settings, and community settings. The topic also addresses the issue of how to deliver appropriate health promotion information to disadvantaged subgroups, including minority populations and those with low levels of health literacy. Finally, this topic includes an investigation of activities designed to provide health promotion and disease messages to individuals using a variety of home and community services, including LTC services.
The remainder of this section briefly describes a range of federally funded health promotion and disease prevention programs during the past 10 years, which have focused on translating health promotion research for older adults into practice. Table A provides a list of these programs and their principal sponsors. See Appendix A for specific information on each program.
A review of these programs raises a number of questions for discussion at the TAG meeting, including the following:
How effective has DHHS been in translating health promotion/disease prevention research into practice for older adults?
Are there gaps in DHHS' approach to translating knowledge about activities that promote healthy aging into practice for older Americans?
What are the most promising "translation" approaches to health promotion/disease prevention, and do they need to be modified to be more effective for particular subpopulations among the elderly?
What are the most significant barriers to the effective translation of research into practice, both at the health care provider level and the individual level?
Are broad social marketing campaigns, similar to the U.S. Surgeon General's campaign against smoking, needed to more fully translate health promotion/disease prevention research into practice?
Are there additional activities that DHHS should initiate in the future to help ensure that research findings are translated into practice? Why are these additional activities needed?
|TABLE A. Programs Designed to Translate Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Research into Practice and Their Sponsors|
|Healthy Aging Project||CMS, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, in collaboration with NIA, AoA, CDC, and the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute|
|The National Blueprint: Increasing Physical Activity Among Adults Aged 50 and Older||AARP, American College of Sports Medicine, American Geriatrics Society, CDC, NIA, and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation with contributions from 43 other organizations|
|HealthierUS Initiative||White House initiative launched with the President's Executive Order 13266--Activities to Promote Personal Fitness; A Personal Fitness Interagency Working Group, headed by DHHS, oversees this initiative|
|Screen for Life: National Colorectal Cancer Action Campaign||CDC and CMS with technical assistance provided by the National Cancer Institute|
|Prevention Research Centers||CDC|
|Healthy Aging Network (HAN)||CDC and seven of the funded Prevention Research Centers|
|Growing Stronger: Strength Training for Older Adults||CDC, in collaboration with Tufts University Center for Physical Fitness|
|Training and Encouragement for Senior Activity (TESA) Project||American Association for Active Lifestyles and Fitness and the National Senior Games Association|
|The Older Adults Media Project||CDC, in partnership with the American Society on Aging, and the Journalists Exchange on Aging|
|Spyglass on Aging: Tools for Journalists Covering Seniors||CDC|
|U.S.A. on the Move: Steps to Healthy Aging||AoA and the National Policy and Resource Center on Nutrition and Aging at Florida International University|
|The Aging States Project||AoA, CDC, the Association of State and Territorial Chronic Disease Program Directors, and the National Association of State Units on Aging|
|Behavioral Medicine and Interventions Program||NIA|
|Bilingual/Bicultural Service Demonstration Grant Program||DHHS Office of Minority Health|
|Community Programs to Improve Minority Health Grants Program||DHHS Office of Minority Health|
|Health Disparities in Minority Health Grants Program||DHHS Office of Minority Health|
|Older Americans Act, Title IV Demonstration Projects||AoA|
|Project REACH for the Elderly||AoA|
|Surgeon General's Report on Osteoporosis and Bone Health||DHHS Surgeon General's Office|
|Women Living Long and Living Well (WLLW) Project||DHHS Office of Women's Health|