Overview and Inventory of HHS Efforts to Assist Incarcerated and Reentering Individuals and their Families . Offender Reentry Program (FY09-12 and FY 10-13)


Funding Mechanism:  Grant

Total Available Funding:  $9.6 million (FY 2009-2012 cohort)

$7.98 million (FY 2010-2013 cohort)

Number of Awards:  42 total

24 (FY 2009-2012)

18 (FY 2010-2013)

Length of Project Period:  3 years

Federal Partners:  None

Summary:  The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMSHA), Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT) funded 24 Offender Reentry Program (ORP) grants in 2009 and another 18 for FY 2010. This program is part of the Criminal Justice grant portfolio and is designed to address the needs of sentenced substance-abusing juveniles and adult offenders returning to their families and community from adult or juvenile incarceration in facilities including prisons, jails, or juvenile detention centers. The purpose of ORP is to expand and/or enhance substance abuse treatment and related recovery and reentry services to sentenced juvenile and adult offenders returning to the community from incarceration for criminal/juvenile offenses. Applicants are expected to form stakeholder partnerships that will plan, develop and provide a transition from incarceration to community-based substance abuse treatment and related reentry services for the populations of focus. Because reentry transition must begin in the correctional or juvenile facility before release, limited funding may be used for certain activities in institutional correctional setting in addition to the expected community-based services.

Background:  SAMHSA recognizes that there is a significant disparity between the availability of treatment services for persons with alcohol and drug use disorders and demand for such services. The disparity is also consistent for criminal justice populations, as estimates show only 10 percent of individuals involved with the criminal justice system who are in need of substance abuse treatment receive it as part of their justice system supervision. The Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) estimates that approximately 1 in 5 juveniles in the daily correctional population receive some form of substance abuse treatment (BJS, 2005; Taxman, NIDA CJDATS, 2007). Approximately one-half of the institutional treatment provided is educational programming (Taxman, NIDA CJDATS, 2007). By providing needed treatment services, this program intends to decrease the public health and social costs of substance abuse and dependence and increase public safety by reducing substance abuse related crime and violence. SAMHSA recognizes the need to successfully return and reintegrate individuals into the community by providing substance abuse treatment and other related reentry services, while also ensuring public safety for the community and family. This program builds on previous and ongoing SAMHSA/CSAT criminal and juvenile justice program initiatives (e.g., SAMHSA/CSAT FY 2004 YORP grant program), and builds on learning gained from these previous initiatives.

The Offender Reentry Program is one of SAMHSA’s services grant programs. SAMHSA’s services grants are designed to address gaps in substance abuse treatment services and/or to increase the ability of states, units of local government, American Indian/Alaska Native Tribes and tribal organizations, and community- and faith-based organizations to help specific populations or geographic areas with serious, emerging substance abuse problems.

Grantees City State Total Award
Grantees: (FY 09-12 and FY 10-13)
Operation Par, Inc Pinellas Park FL 1,200,000
Gaudenzia, DRC, Inc Philadelphia PA 1,200,000
Illinois Department of Human Services Division of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Chicago IL 1,200,000
Gaudenzia, DRC, Inc Philadelphia PA 1,200,000
Serving Children and Adolescents in Need Laredo TX 1,200,000
Guidance Clinic of The Middle Keys, Inc Marathon FL 1,199,268
Easter Seal-Goodwill Northern Rocky Mt Boise ID 1,198,849
Alethia House Birmingham AL 1,200,000
Health Services Center, Inc Hobson City AL 1,200,000
Volunteer Behavioral Health Care System Murfreesboro TN 1,200,000
Special Services For Groups, Inc Los Angeles CA 1,200,000
Intervention, Inc Westminster CO 1,177,890
Community Counseling Institute Tacoma WA 1,200,000
Boston Public Health Commission Boston MA 1,200,000
OIC- of Broward CO, Inc Oakland Park FL 1,200,000
Orange County BAR foundation Santa Ana CA 1,200,000
Southern California Alcohol and Drug Programs, Inc Downey CA 1,200,000
Greenhope Services for Woman New York NY 1,200,000
Milwaukee County Milwaukee WI 1,200,000
Argus Community, Inc Bronx NY 1,197,300
Fortune Society, Inc Long Island City NY 1,200,000
Indiana Family & Social Services Admin Indianapolis IN 1,200,000
Family Service Center Houston Tx 1,200,000
County of Chester West Chester PA 1,200,000
Tides Family Services West Warwick RI 1,198,637
Catholic Charities Services Corp Cleveland OH 1,200,000
New North Citizen’s Council, Inc Springfield MA 1,200,000
Women’s Treatment Center Chicago IL 1,200,000
Volunteers of America of LA Los Angeles CA 1,200,000
Phoenix Programs Inc Columbia MO 1,200,000
Casa Esperanza, Inc Roxbury MA 1,200,000
Institute for Health and Recovery Cambridge MA 1,200,000
Baptist Child & Family Services San Antonio TX 1,200,000
Homeboy Industries Los Angeles CA 1,199,982
University of Colorado-Denver Denver CO 1,200,000
Sanctuary , Inc of GUAM Chalan Pago GM 1,180,153
Institute for Child and Family Health Miami FL 1,169,340

Evaluation Activities: This discretionary grant program is not designated for an external evaluation study. Each grantee is responsible for performance measurement utilizing GPRA client level data administered at intake, six-month, and release from treatment mileposts. Additionally, each grantee is responsible for assessing performance using basic process and outcomes questions.

Future Prospects: Discussing with BJA the possibility of a future collaborative effort.


Kenneth W. Robertson
Team Leader, Criminal Justice Programs
Division of Services Improvement, Center for Substance Abuse Treatment
Phone: 240-2761621
Email: Kenneth.robertson@samhsa.hhs.gov

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