The Center for AIDS Research (CFAR) program funds a wide variety of research projects on HIV/AIDS. CFAR projects listed here involve research on HIV/AIDS in incarcerated populations. It is important to note, however, that neither the CFAR program nor these projects noted below focus exclusively on incarcerated individuals.
Funding Mechanism: P30 grant
Total Funding: $37.5 M FY09 for entire CFAR Program
Number of Awards: 20 CFAR awards in FY2009; 2 of these awards are described below
Individual Award Amount: *Please note award amounts listed are not specific to research in incarcerated individuals and their families
Lifespan/Tufts/Brown Center for AIDS Research grant: FY09 – FY10 $3,175,770
University of North Carolina Center for AIDS Research grant: FY09 - FY10 $4,942,198
Length of Project Period: 5 years
Federal Partners: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), National Cancer Institute (NCI), National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), National Institute on Mental Health (NIMH), National Institute on Child and Human Development (NICHD), National Institute on Aging (NIA), National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM), Office of AIDS Research (OAR), Fogarty International Center (FIC)
Summary: The CFAR program emphasizes the importance of interdisciplinary collaboration, especially between basic and clinical investigators, that promotes basic, clinical, behavioral, and translational research in the prevention, detection, and treatment of HIV infection and AIDS.
The Lifespan/Tufts/Brown CFAR Core D provides key support to the CFAR Prisoner Health and Human Rights Scientific Working Group. It has supported new initiatives on HIV testing and treatment within corrections internationally (R01 application, regarding HIV in corrections in the country of Georgia) and stimulated new initiatives in "Seek, Test, Treat, and Care" in the correctional setting (R01 grant applications by Drs Beckwith and Martin). In 2005, Dr. Curt Beckwith received a Lifespan/Tufts/Brown CFAR Developmental Award to investigate the effect of different HIV testing and counseling strategies delivered to jail inmates on HIV risk behavior following release from jail. The goal of this study was to compare standard HIV testing coupled with standard HIV counseling delivered by the Rhode Island Department of Corrections personnel to rapid HIV testing coupled with individualized risk reduction counseling delivered by a research team member, as well as the impact of these different testing and counseling packages on HIV risk behavior following release from jail. A manuscript entitled "HIV Risk Behavior Pre- and Post-HIV Testing in Jail; a Pilot Study" was recently published in JAIDS 2010; 53(4): 485-90. NIHMSID: 172917. He also presented a secondary analysis entitled "Identification of multiple risk HIV factors among jail detainees" [Oral Abstract 375] at the 2009 National HIV Prevention Conference, August 23-26, 2009, Atlanta, GA.
Some of the University of North Carolina CFAR work with the prison system (Wohl, DAI7501) is co-funded by NIAID and NIDA. Projects funded through the UNC CFAR focus on HIV and drug resistance testing (Leone, MH68686), and include these studies people in and leaving the prison system (Wohl, MH079720). The UNC CFAR Criminal Justice Workgroup seeks to understand and reduce the spread of infectious diseases among vulnerable communities through collaboration with community organizations. Over the last three years, and with the assistance of Core G, members from the workgroup have submitted and obtained several NIH and private foundation-sponsored grants related to its aims, including a large ROI to assess HIV prevalence and testing behavior of prison inmates, multiple grants to implement a case management service program to facilitate transition of released inmates into communities, and an R21 to describe the social networks of inmates by utilizing Staphylococcus aureus as a biomarker for social contact.
Current Grantees: The University of North Carolina and Lifespan/Tufts/Brown Centers for AIDS Research projects currently have working groups in the area of incarcerated populations.
Evaluation Activities: None
Future Prospects: Plans to reissue the CFAR Program in 2011
Ann Namkung Lee
Health Specialist, Basic Science Program
Division of AIDS, NIAID
Phone : (301) 496-9176
Contractor, HealthCareIT, Basic Sciences Program
Division of AIDS, NIAID
Phone: (301) 496-4136