Over 7.3 million people are on probation, in jail, in prison, or on parole in the United States ( PEW Center on the States, 2009). Incarceration and reentry adversely impact a number of areas in which the Department of Health and Human Services is heavily invested, such as family formation, parent-child relationships, economic self-sufficiency, and overall health. Incarceration not only affects incarcerated individuals, but also their families and the communities where they lived and to which they will return. The mission of HHS is to protect the health of all Americans and to provide essential human services, especially for those least able to help themselves. The overall mission of HHS gives the Department a substantial stake in ensuring that the health and human services needs of prisoners are met, inside prison and when they return to the community.