Overview and Inventory of HHS Efforts to Assist Incarcerated and Reentering Individuals and their Families . Criminal Justice Epidemiology Research Portfolio

02/01/2011

Type of Activity: Research

Funding Mechanism: Grant

Total Available Funding: N/A

Number of Awards14

Average Award Amount (current year): $493,000 total costs

Length of Project PeriodVaries

Federal PartnersNational Institute on Mental Health (NIMH), National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)

SummaryThe grants within the National Institute on Drug Abuse’s Criminal Justice Epidemiology Research Portfolio are primarily longitudinal studies and secondary data analyses investigating substance abuse in incarcerated or formerly-incarcerated youth and adults. Many of the grants included in this portfolio focus specifically on minority populations that are disproportionately represented in the criminal justice system (e.g., African American and Hispanic racial/ethnic groups). Grantees examine racial/ethnic and gender disparities; the effects of incarceration on the onset, persistence, desistence, and recurrence of drug abuse disorders; the dynamic relationships between patterns of drug use and adult social role performance; and how risk and protective factors mediate patterns of drug use. Some studies within this portfolio also focus on the spread of STIs and HIV/AIDS within this population, with the aim of informing future strategies to reduce the spread of these diseases. Other grantees examine the effects of parental incarceration on children with regard to mental health and substance abuse outcomes.

Background: In recent decades, the number of adults involved in the criminal justice system has soared from about 1.8 million in 1980 to 7.3 million in 2007, due in large part to prosecutions of drug-related crimes and drug-addicted offenders. Criminal offenders have rates of substance abuse and dependence that are more than four times that of the general population. To help identify solutions to address this devastating problem, NIDA funds projects that examine substance abuse disorders among incarcerated individuals. Ultimately, the studies funded follow the high-risk incarcerated or formerly-incarcerated populations in an effort to inform policy and interventions to protect and/or reduce this group from the burden of substance abuse disorders and other diseases

Principle Investigator Location Title
Examples of Current Grantees:
Adams, Leah Maria George Mason University
Fairfax, VA
HIV Risk Behavior in Recently Released Jail Inmates: The Roles of Perceived Risk
Golder, Seana University of Louisville Research Foundation
Louisville, KY
Victimization and Women in the Criminal Justice System
Hoven, Christina W. Columbia University
New York, NY
Paternal Criminal Justice Involvement and Substance Use in Children & Adolescents
Hoven, Christina W. Columbia University
New York, NY
Maternal Incarceration and Course of Child Psychopathology in the South Bronx
Johnson, Mark E University of Alaska Anchorage 
Anchorage, AK
HIV, Drugs, and Prisoners: Barriers to Epidemiologic and Intervention Research
Khan, Maria Rabia NDRI 
New York, NY
Longitudinal Study of Substance Use, Incarceration, and STI in the US
Khan, Maria Rabia University of Maryland 
College Park, MD
Relationship Disruption During Incarceration and HIV Risk in African American Men
Kim, Seijeoung University of Illinois, Chicago 
Chicago, IL
Incarceration Effects on Prevention of Drug Use, STI-HIV and Recidivism
Mulvey, Edward P Western Psychiatric Inst & Clinic 
Pittsburgh, PA
Pathways to Desistance from SU Problems and Crime
Teplin, Linda A Northwestern University
Chicago, IL
Drug Abuse, Incarceration & Health Disparities in HIV/AIDS: A Longitudinal Study
Teplin, Linda A Northwestern University 
Chicago, IL
Drug Use Disorder & HIV/AIDS Risk in Juvenile Justice Youth: A Longitudinal Study
Teplin, Linda A Northwestern University 
Chicago, IL
Trajectories of Drug Abuse in High Risk Youth
Ensminger, Margaret E. Bloomberg School of Public Health 
Baltimore, MD
Drug Abuse and Crime Across the Life Course in an African American Population
Wu, Ping Columbia University
New York, NY
Drug Abuse, Criminal Justice System Involvement & Health Disparities in Youth

Location(s) of Projects: See above

Evaluation Activities: Peer-reviewed publications to disseminate scientific data and findings; presentations of findings at scientific meetings.

Future Prospects: Future prospects dependent upon receiving highly meritorious investigator-initiated projects and funds available.

Contact: Susan Weiss, Ph.D.

Phone: (301) 443-6071

Email: susan.weiss@nih.gov

View full report

Preview
Download

"index.pdf" (pdf, 703.66Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®