Options for Promoting Privacy on the National Information Infrastructure. 7. Federal Law Regulating State Sale of Government Data


Most states lack comprehensive fair information principles applicable to data in the possession of the government.79 That data is an increasingly important source of state revenue and in great demand in the marketing community.80 In some cases, however, federal law conditions receipt of federal funding on the adoption of data protection at the state levels. Student records,81 child abuse information,82 and motor vehicle related information83 are all examples. Thus, under the Drivers Privacy Protection Act of 1994, states must afford motor vehicle registrants or licensed drivers an opportunity to choose not to make their data available before their personal information is released.84

79. Schwartz & Reidenberg, supra note 9, at 130.

80. Id. at 150.

81. See Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) (Buckley Amendment), Pub. L. No. 93-380, Title V, § 513, 88 Stat. 571, 20 U.S.C. §§ 1221(note), 1232g.

82. See Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act, Pub. L. No 102-586 § 9(b), 106 Stat. 5037, 42 U.S.C. § 5106a(b)(4) (1994).

83. See Drivers Privacy Protection (Boxer-Moran) Act of 1994, Pub. L. No. 103-322, 108 Stat. 2099 to 2102, 18 U.S.C. §§ 2721-2725 (1994).

84. Id.