The New River Community Action, Inc. serves a total of 304 children in center-based or home-based program options. Approximately one-tenth of the enrollment — or 40 children — receive full-day "connected care" services; the rest receive a traditional half-day program. NRCA's catchment area includes four counties (Floyd, Giles, Montgomery, and Pulaski), large portions of which are rural, and the City of Radford. Montgomery County also contains the town of Christiansburg and the larger town of Blacksburg, Virginia, home to Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
The Head Start program operates nine centers across its service area, which are open Tuesday through Friday from 9:00 a.m. until 1:00 p.m., from September through May. The centers are closed on Mondays for staff meetings, planning, staff training, and home-based socializations. In the home-based program, a home visitor makes weekly home visits and brings the children together for a group socialization experience at least twice monthly. The program does not operate any special demonstration programs, Family Service Centers, or Parent and Child Centers.
Census figures for the area served by NRCA show that approximately 20 percent of the residents live in poverty. Eighty-four percent of the program's enrollment is white, 14 percent is black, and the remaining two percent is American Indian, Asian, or Hispanic. Last year, two children spoke Spanish, and two spoke Chinese; the rest were native English speakers.