Options for Full-Day Services for Children Participating in Head Start . Funding Sources

03/07/1995

Different funding sources paid for the start-up costs of the full-day programs than those that pay for the ongoing costs of the programs. Grants from the state's Department of Development paid for the renovations of two facilities (Hilltop and Central United Methodist); a HUD/HHS grant paid for further renovation of the two sites in housing projects (Hilltop and Parkside). Head Start monies supplemented these funds by paying primarily for equipment and supplies for these facilities.

Ongoing expenses for the full-day programs for 3- and 4- year-olds are paid for primarily through Head Start funds, while the full-day programs for infants and toddlers are paid for primarily through the State of Ohio's "publicly funded child care" account (which is a combination of SSBG (Title XX), CCDBG, and at-risk child care funds). The basic Head Start grant does not differentiate children by the number of hours a week they are in care: MVCDC receives a flat rate per child of $3,800. However, the expenses for children in the full-day program are greater than for those in the part-day program. Therefore, Head Start monies are spent according to the need of the program; the full-day program receives more dollars per child than part-day programs. The full complement of Head Start services can be provided through the Federal grant.

Unfortunately, all of the expenses of the infant and toddler programs cannot be met through the use of publicly funded child care monies. Grantee staff report that even if every slot was filled every day of the year and the maximum rates were paid by the state, the total revenue would not quite cover the costs of the staff for the program. In this best of circumstances, no monies would be available for non-classroom staff and non- personnel expenses (e.g., utilities, equipment, supplies, food).

In order to make up the difference between the revenue and expenditures of the infant and toddler classrooms, the grantee has adopted a unique policy. Grantee staff have asked each ADC- eligible parent with a child in the Head Start full-day classroom to apply for publicly funded child care money. The grantee defines Head Start for these children as a four-hour-a-day program, leaving at least five hours a day defined as "child care," to be paid for by public funds.

To qualify for state-funded child care reimbursement, a child's family must receive ADC or be income-eligible for ADC. The parent must see a case worker and be authorized for the program. The authorization form is recorded in the county's computer, and the grantee receives a printout of all children who are enrolled and qualify for publicly funded reimbursements. The State of Ohio does not require attendance on the part of the child every day in order to pay the reimbursement; it will be paid as long as the family is eligible.

The State of Ohio surveys child care providers each year and sets maximum rates to be paid for part-time and full-time services, depending on the age of the child. For FY 94, the weekly rates were as follows:

[Table omitted.]

A child who attends for 25 hours a week or more is considered to attend full-time.

Through 1993, the grantee was reimbursed by public funds for full-time care for those Head Start children who were declared eligible. In the spring of 1994, the state argued that MVCDC was "double dipping" and that it would subsequently pay the part-time rate for these children.