Operating TANF: Opportunities and Challenges for Tribes and Tribal Consortia. Ensuring Smooth Program Implementation and Operations


Although the tribal grantees in this study encountered challenges, they developed transition strategies and implemented tribal TANF operations that ultimately succeeded. Important elements of these strategies were gradual transitions to tribal program operation, continuation of state involvement in program operations for an interim period, maintenance of good working relationships with state and local TANF agencies, and adjustment of policies and procedures as needed. Tribes used the flexibility provided under the Act to address a range of challenges related to limitations in resources and infrastructure, and to tailor their operations to tribal needs and values.

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