Oklahoma Marriage Initiative (OMI): A Process Evaluation. Geographic Distribution of Workshops

05/23/2008

To ensure that capacity is developed across the state, the OMI organizes its work around the six regions defined by Oklahomas DHS for administration of many of its programs for low-income families.  Area 3 includes Oklahoma County and contains 277,811 households, according to the 2006 American Community Survey, while Area 6 includes Tulsa County with 235,425 households; these two areas include the two largest metropolitan areas in the state by population and contain 37 percent of Oklahomas households. 

The distribution of completed workshops and workshop participants generally reflects the population densities of the states geographic areas.  Even without taking into account the number of OMI-related classes for high school students (for which regional data are not available), workshops have taken place in every DHS-defined region of the state (Table V.4 and V.5).  With their greater population, it makes sense that most workshops would be conducted in Areas 3 and 6, which is generally the case, although activity in Area 2 is nearly the same as in Area 6.  Greater penetration can be expected in areas that are more densely populated, in part because it may be easier to form a group for workshops but also because the traveling distances for participants to reach their workshop locations are likely to be shorter in urban areas.  The total number of workshops conducted in the remaining, mostly rural, areas of the state is fairly evenly distributed.

Table V.4.
Number of Workshops by Geographic Regiona
  Unknown Area 1 Area 2 Area 3 Area 4 Area 5 Area 6 Total
Public Institutions
Adoptive Services 0 0 1 15 3 1 1 21
High Schools* n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Youth Services 8 194 243 386 122 66 103 1,122
Universities 0 7 2 17 12 6 11 55
Business 0 0 1 21 1 1 0 24
Correctional Centers 0 25 21 22 20 29 10 127
Welfare Offices 0 16 16 416 9 29 72 558
Extension Services 2 52 73 13 83 42 5 270
Child Guidance 0 30 34 54 28 26 41 213
Head Start 0 0 4 0 0 4 2 10
Subtotal 10 324 395 944 278 204 245 2,400
Community Volunteers
Faith 1 22 39 222 38 21 81 424
Counseling 8 7 34 76 12 11 50 198
Community Services 0 1 7 52 17 24 27 128
Spanish Workshops 0 2 7 53 1 1 6 70
Native American 0 0 1 0 20 7 6 34
General Community 5 42 84 254 60 64 137 646
Subtotal 14 74 172 657 148 128 307 1,500
Large-Scale Events
All About Us/ SW 0 3 3 24 5 1 17 53
Total 24 401 570 1,625 431 333 569 3,953
Source:  OMI Management Information System.
aGeographic region is represented by the six areas of the state defined by Oklahoma DHS. 
bData on the number of workshops/classes held by trained high school teachers is not available. 

Trained OMI workshop leaders reside in all but two counties of the state (Figure V.1).  The highest concentrations of leaders are in the two counties that include the major metropolitan areas and therefore the densest populations.  A smaller but still substantial number of leaders is located in four counties surrounding Oklahoma County:  Canadian, Cleveland, Pottawamie, and Payne.  Trained workshop leaders are represented in most remaining counties, albeit at lower concentrations.

Figure V.1.
Oklahoma Marriage Initiative:  Workshop Leaders by County

Figure V.1. Oklahoma Marriage Initiative: Workshop Leaders by County. See text for explanation.

Source:  U.S. Census Bureau (2000), and OMI Management Information System.
Note:  Data not included for 362 high school teachers whose county of residence was unavailable.

The number of workshop participants by DHS-defined areas also appears generally to reflect the population density (Table V.5).  If one result of participating in OMI services is that participants will spread the word, as the OMI hopes, then the evenness of this distribution is important.  Figure V.2 suggests that there are six counties where workshops have not occurred, although the data do not include high school students. 

Figure V.2.
Oklahoma Marriage Initiative:  Workshop Participants by County

Figure 5.2.Oklahoma Marriage Initiative:  Workshop Participants by County. See text for explanation.

Source:  U.S. Census Bureau (2000), and OMI Management Information System.
Note:  Data not included for 362 high school teachers whose county of residence was unavailable.

Table V.5.
Number of Participants by Geographic Regiona
  Unknown Area 1 Area 2 Area 3 Area 4 Area 5 Area 6 Total
Number of Participants   7 17 185 11 19 69  
Population Density
(number of households per square mile)
      (includes
Oklahoma City)
    (includes
Tulsa)
 
Public Institutions
Adoptive Services 0 0 116 1,133 156 4 54 1,463
High Schoolsb n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Youth Services 97 1,908 2,719 12,356 1,118 736 1,504 20,438
Universities 0 115 14 236 141 20 224 750
Business 0 0 10 517 10 12 0 549
Correctional Centers 0 340 222 360 477 496 118 2,013
Welfare Offices 0 129 204 2,787 144 416 980 4,660
Extension Services 9 473 840 144 1,067 477 52 3,062
Child Guidance 0 113 318 841 241 321 510 2,344
Head Start 0 0 60 0 0 108 25 193
Subtotal 106 3,078 4,387 17,241 3,198 2,586 3,413 34,009
Community Sector
Faith 20 259 612 3,899 693 350 1,372 7,205
Counseling 74 6 253 791 104 167 843 2,238
Community Services 0 30 122 608 184 308 536 1,788
Spanish Workshops 0 90 47 1,060 12 36 130 1,375
Native American 0 0 16 0 2,602 148 62 2,828
General Community 18 511 612 4,529 1,009 797 2,494 9,970
Subtotal 112 896 1,662 10,887 4,604 1,806 5,437 25,404
Large-Scale Events
All About Us/ SW 0 111 175 4,174 280 25 1,493 6,258
Total 218 4,085 6,340 33,435 8,238 4,421 10,397 67,134
Source:  OMI Management Information System. 
a Geographic region is represented by the six areas of the state defined by Oklahoma DHS. 
b Data on the number of high school students participating by region is not available. 

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