The Number and Cost of Immigrants on Medicaid: National and State Estimates. Future Scope

12/16/1997

The impact of PRWORA will grow over time as the number of post-enactment immigrants accumulates. The QC data for 1994 are useful if we assume that the distribution of immigrant categories in post-enactment years mirrors that in 1994 and that most states adopt policies close to the basic federal guidelines. With this assumption, about 5 percent of Medicaid enrollees would not be eligible for full benefits in their first five years because they are "regular" legal immigrants or are in the "not qualified" group.(2) Deeming rules will keep many off benefits after that time.