Non-Elderly Disabled Category 2 Housing Choice Voucher Program: An Implementation and Impact Analysis. APPENDIX C: Logit Model Results Estimating the Effect of NED2 Vouchers on Transition Rates

01/01/2014

TABLE C.1. Logit Model Impact Estimates for Likelihood of Community Transition, Pooled Sample
(All Sites)
    Coefficient     Standard Error     Z-Score     p-Value  
Treatment area 0.0166 0.1728 0.10 0.924
Site = Cincinnati 0.0574 0.1702 0.34 0.736
Site = Snohomish/Tacoma 1.1503 0.2027 5.68 0.000
Intervention period 0.4153 0.1944 2.14 0.033
Treatment area during intervention period 0.2407 0.2256 1.07 0.286
Female 0.0309 0.1208 0.26 0.798
Age -0.0623 0.0580 -1.07 0.283
Age squared 0.0004 0.0006 0.62 0.538
Married 0.6294 0.1825 3.45 0.001
Widowed/separated/divorced 0.3413 0.1292 2.64 0.008
Missing marital status 0.2495 0.3442 0.72 0.469
Non-White -0.2251 0.1417 -1.59 0.112
Missing race 0.6276 0.2825 2.22 0.026
Vision difficulty -0.0181 0.2170 -0.08 0.933
Hearing difficulty 0.0031 0.2655 0.01 0.991
Difficulty making self understood -0.0318 0.2763 -0.12 0.908
Bed mobility--supervision needed 0.1046 0.2729 0.38 0.702
Bed mobility--assistance needed 0.2293 0.3231 0.71 0.478
Transfer ability--supervision needed -0.1429 0.2627 -0.54 0.586
Transfer ability--assistance needed -0.3505 0.3501 -1.00 0.317
Walk in room--supervision needed -0.1209 0.2522 -0.48 0.632
Walk in room--assistance needed 0.0265 0.3460 0.08 0.939
Walk in room--did not occur -0.7753 0.2858 -2.71 0.007
Walk in corridor--supervision needed 0.1619 0.2398 0.68 0.499
Walk in corridor--assistance needed 0.0254 0.3481 0.07 0.942
Walk in corridor--did not occur -0.0059 0.2711 -0.02 0.983
Locomotion on unit--supervision needed -0.1813 0.2983 -0.61 0.543
Locomotion on unit--assistance needed -0.3355 0.3309 -1.01 0.311
Locomotion on unit--did not occur -0.0015 0.9372 0.00 0.999
Locomotion off unit--supervision needed -0.0451 0.2648 -0.17 0.865
Locomotion off unit--assistance needed 0.1991 0.3131 0.64 0.525
Locomotion off unit--did not occur -0.5259 0.4616 -1.14 0.255
Dressing--supervision needed -0.3095 0.2366 -1.31 0.191
Dressing--assistance needed -0.3643 0.2518 -1.45 0.148
Eating--supervision needed 0.1798 0.1611 1.12 0.264
Eating--assistance needed -0.7742 0.2642 -2.93 0.003
Toilet use--supervision needed 0.1619 0.2484 0.65 0.514
Toilet use--assistance needed -0.1805 0.2581 -0.70 0.484
Personal hygiene--supervision needed 0.0932 0.2174 0.43 0.668
Personal hygiene--assistance needed -0.4370 0.2297 -1.90 0.057
Bathing--supervision needed -0.0849 0.1823 -0.47 0.641
Bathing--assistance needed 0.1243 0.1868 0.67 0.506
Bathing--did not occur -0.0806 0.4322 -0.19 0.852
Renal condition 0.0924 0.1809 0.51 0.609
Renal condition missing 0.6240 0.1773 3.52 0.000
Cancer 0.1641 0.4398 0.37 0.709
Heart/circulatory condition 0.1945 0.1439 1.35 0.177
Infection 0.0468 0.1366 0.34 0.732
Metabolic condition 0.0247 0.1210 0.20 0.838
Musculoskeletal condition 0.0625 0.1461 0.43 0.669
Cognitive condition -0.4487 0.2397 -1.87 0.061
Motor condition 0.3104 0.1766 1.76 0.079
Neurological condition 0.0077 0.1368 0.06 0.955
Psychological condition -0.2608 0.1176 -2.22 0.027
Days in nursing facility -0.0033 0.0004 -7.85 0.000
Days in nursing facility squared 0.0000 0.0000 6.33 0.000
Medicare eligible only 0.0806 0.2700 0.30 0.765
Dual Medicaid/Medicare -0.0245 0.1285 -0.19 0.849
No Medicaid or Medicare 0.1940 0.2317 0.84 0.403
Entered facility from community 0.4256 0.3710 1.15 0.251
Entered facility from other nursing facility -0.1487 0.2546 -0.58 0.559
Entered facility from unknown/missing 1.5084 0.5793 2.60 0.009
Transition intent missing -0.5969 0.1365 -4.37 0.000
Constant 2.5932 1.3732 1.89 0.059
SOURCE: HUD administrative data linked to MDS. Sample size = 3,283.
NOTE: The dependent variable equals one if a nursing facility resident made a transition to the community.

 

TABLE C.2. Logit Model Impact Estimates for Likelihood of Community Transition, Pooled Sample
(Baltimore City/County and Cincinnati)
    Coefficient     Standard Error     Z-Score     p-Value  
Treatment area 0.1196 0.2484 0.48 0.630
Site = Cincinnati 0.2458 0.1878 1.31 0.190
Intervention period 0.5678 0.2219 2.56 0.010
Treatment area during intervention period 0.5755 0.2992 1.92 0.054
Female 0.2697 0.1616 1.67 0.095
Age -0.1302 0.0885 -1.47 0.141
Age squared 0.0011 0.0009 1.24 0.216
Married 0.3369 0.2583 1.30 0.192
Widowed/separated/divorced 0.3041 0.1764 1.72 0.085
Missing marital status 1.1471 0.9332 1.23 0.219
Non-White 0.0152 0.1708 0.09 0.929
Missing race 0.8991 0.3016 2.98 0.003
Vision difficulty -0.2347 0.2708 -0.87 0.386
Hearing difficulty -0.2182 0.4714 -0.46 0.643
Difficulty making self understood 0.2598 0.3534 0.74 0.462
Bed mobility--supervision needed 0.1141 0.3353 0.34 0.734
Bed mobility--assistance needed 0.0036 0.3672 0.01 0.992
Transfer ability--supervision needed 0.2393 0.3319 0.72 0.471
Transfer ability--assistance needed 0.0471 0.3746 0.13 0.900
Walk in room--supervision needed 0.0456 0.3070 0.15 0.882
Walk in room--assistance needed 0.1490 0.5389 0.28 0.782
Walk in room--did not occur -0.4656 0.4143 -1.12 0.261
Walk in corridor--supervision needed -0.5324 0.3336 -1.60 0.111
Walk in corridor--assistance needed -0.3128 0.4946 -0.63 0.527
Walk in corridor--did not occur -0.2122 0.3926 -0.54 0.589
Locomotion on unit--supervision needed 0.7360 0.3870 1.90 0.057
Locomotion on unit--assistance needed -0.3776 0.5690 -0.66 0.507
Locomotion on unit--did not occur -1.2868 0.9862 -1.30 0.192
Locomotion off unit--supervision needed -0.6909 0.3361 -2.06 0.040
Locomotion off unit--assistance needed 0.1517 0.5358 0.28 0.777
Locomotion off unit--did not occur 0.5623 0.7176 0.78 0.433
Dressing--supervision needed 0.3445 0.3334 1.03 0.302
Dressing--assistance needed 0.2025 0.3780 0.54 0.592
Eating--supervision needed -0.2206 0.2213 -1.00 0.319
Eating--assistance needed -0.4383 0.3705 -1.18 0.237
Toilet use--supervision needed -0.2294 0.2929 -0.78 0.434
Toilet use--assistance needed 0.0945 0.3225 0.29 0.770
Personal hygiene--supervision needed -0.3410 0.3277 -1.04 0.298
Personal hygiene--assistance needed -1.0464 0.3519 -2.97 0.003
Bathing--supervision needed 0.0943 0.2472 0.38 0.703
Bathing--assistance needed -0.1423 0.2901 -0.49 0.624
Bathing--did not occur 0.0539 0.9017 0.06 0.952
Renal condition -0.1367 0.3040 -0.45 0.653
Renal condition missing 0.7680 0.1776 4.32 0.000
Heart/circulatory condition 0.1548 0.1983 0.78 0.435
Infection -0.2670 0.1858 -1.44 0.151
Metabolic condition 0.2031 0.1533 1.33 0.185
Musculoskeletal condition -0.2524 0.2162 -1.17 0.243
Cognitive condition -0.4712 0.3112 -1.51 0.130
Motor condition 0.1928 0.2493 0.77 0.439
Neurological condition -0.1372 0.1745 -0.79 0.432
Psychological condition -0.1040 0.1564 -0.66 0.506
Days in nursing facility -0.0020 0.0005 -4.08 0.000
Days in nursing facility squared 0.0000 0.0000 2.67 0.008
Dual Medicaid/Medicare 0.0928 0.1647 0.56 0.573
Entered facility from community 1.3027 0.4654 2.80 0.005
Entered facility from other nursing facility -0.1369 0.2486 -0.55 0.582
Entered facility from unknown/missing 1.6504 0.5096 3.24 0.001
Transition intent missing -0.8394 0.1879 -4.47 0.000
Constant 3.2921 2.0876 1.58 0.115
SOURCE: HUD administrative data linked to MDS. Sample size = 1,731.
NOTE: The dependent variable equals one if a nursing facility resident made a transition to the community.

 

  TABLE C.3. Logit Model Impact Estimates for Likelihood of Community Transition, Baltimore City/County  
    Coefficient     Standard Error     Z-Score     p-Value  
Treatment area 0.2666 0.3544 0.75 0.452
Intervention period 0.4061 0.3574 1.14 0.256
Treatment area during intervention period 0.7295 0.4412 1.65 0.098
Female 0.6511 0.2246 2.90 0.004
Age -0.1672 0.1434 -1.17 0.244
Age squared 0.0016 0.0014 1.07 0.284
Married 0.1079 0.3996 0.27 0.787
Widowed/separated/divorced 0.3418 0.2424 1.41 0.158
Non-White -0.0568 0.2532 -0.22 0.823
Missing race 0.8450 0.4653 1.82 0.069
Vision difficulty -0.1925 0.3320 -0.58 0.562
Hearing difficulty -0.4959 0.7118 -0.70 0.486
Difficulty making self understood 0.3185 0.3480 0.92 0.360
Bed mobility--supervision needed -0.0604 0.5460 -0.11 0.912
Bed mobility--assistance needed 0.0559 0.5213 0.11 0.915
Transfer ability--supervision needed 0.0488 0.5275 0.09 0.926
Transfer ability--assistance needed -0.0004 0.5062 0.00 0.999
Walk in room--supervision needed -0.0092 0.6497 -0.01 0.989
Walk in room--assistance needed -0.2167 0.7703 -0.28 0.778
Walk in room--did not occur -0.7100 0.5007 -1.42 0.156
Walk in corridor--supervision needed -0.4505 0.7259 -0.62 0.535
Walk in corridor--assistance needed 0.1258 0.6678 0.19 0.851
Walk in corridor--did not occur -0.0282 0.4878 -0.06 0.954
Locomotion on unit--supervision needed 0.6655 0.6253 1.06 0.287
Locomotion on unit--assistance needed -0.6785 0.6064 -1.12 0.263
Locomotion on unit--did not occur -1.6912 1.0094 -1.68 0.094
Locomotion off unit--supervision needed -0.4432 0.6280 -0.71 0.480
Locomotion off unit--assistance needed 0.3349 0.5898 0.57 0.570
Locomotion off unit--did not occur 0.8549 0.7887 1.08 0.278
Dressing--supervision needed 0.2020 0.4741 0.43 0.670
Dressing--assistance needed -0.0590 0.4793 -0.12 0.902
Eating--supervision needed -0.0418 0.3493 -0.12 0.905
Eating--assistance needed 0.1245 0.4879 0.26 0.799
Toilet use--supervision needed -1.5105 0.6888 -2.19 0.028
Toilet use--assistance needed 0.0521 0.4091 0.13 0.899
Personal hygiene--supervision needed -0.4106 0.5114 -0.80 0.422
Personal hygiene--assistance needed -1.2844 0.4630 -2.77 0.006
Bathing--supervision needed 0.7939 0.3509 2.26 0.024
Bathing--assistance needed 0.0449 0.3821 0.12 0.907
Renal condition 0.0707 0.4372 0.16 0.872
Renal condition missing 0.7644 0.2404 3.18 0.001
Heart/circulatory condition 0.1173 0.2753 0.43 0.670
Infection -0.4586 0.2794 -1.64 0.101
Metabolic condition 0.2587 0.2144 1.21 0.228
Musculoskeletal condition -0.7516 0.4051 -1.86 0.064
Cognitive condition -0.6266 0.3173 -1.97 0.048
Motor condition 0.4077 0.3344 1.22 0.223
Neurological condition -0.1958 0.2252 -0.87 0.385
Psychological condition -0.1167 0.2178 -0.54 0.592
Days in nursing facility -0.0012 0.0007 -1.65 0.099
Days in nursing facility squared 0.0000 0.0000 0.87 0.386
Dual Medicaid/Medicare 0.2386 0.2232 1.07 0.285
Entered facility from community 2.2061 0.6547 3.37 0.001
Entered facility from other nursing facility -0.0334 0.3388 -0.10 0.921
Entered facility from unknown/missing 1.3677 0.5452 2.51 0.012
Transition intent missing -0.8243 0.2941 -2.80 0.005
Constant 3.6123 3.4186 1.06 0.291
SOURCE: HUD administrative data linked to MDS. Sample size = 963.
NOTE: The dependent variable equals one if a nursing facility resident made a transition to the community.

 

TABLE C.4. Logit Model Impact Estimates for Likelihood of Community Transition, Cincinnati
    Coefficient     Standard Error     Z-Score     p-Value  
Treatment area -0.2900 0.3426 -0.85 0.397
Intervention period 0.5037 0.2596 1.94 0.052
Treatment area during intervention period 0.7335 0.4182 1.75 0.079
Female -0.2756 0.2331 -1.18 0.237
Age -0.0931 0.1054 -0.88 0.377
Age squared 0.0005 0.0011 0.48 0.630
Married 0.5583 0.3808 1.47 0.143
Widowed/separated/divorced 0.3223 0.2509 1.28 0.199
Non-White 0.2475 0.2355 1.05 0.293
Missing race 1.2392 0.4180 2.96 0.003
Vision difficulty -0.7195 0.4174 -1.72 0.085
Hearing difficulty 0.7758 0.6029 1.29 0.198
Bed mobility--supervision needed 0.0613 0.4897 0.13 0.900
Bed mobility--assistance needed -0.3429 0.6300 -0.54 0.586
Transfer ability--supervision needed 0.4698 0.4655 1.01 0.313
Transfer ability--assistance needed 0.5970 0.6855 0.87 0.384
Walk in room--supervision needed -0.2820 0.4012 -0.70 0.482
Walk in room--assistance needed -0.5833 0.6598 -0.88 0.377
Walk in room--did not occur -0.6920 0.6285 -1.10 0.271
Walk in corridor--supervision needed -0.1398 0.4696 -0.30 0.766
Walk in corridor--assistance needed -0.0288 0.6574 -0.04 0.965
Walk in corridor--did not occur -0.0371 0.5026 -0.07 0.941
Locomotion on unit--supervision needed 0.3357 0.6024 0.56 0.577
Locomotion on unit--assistance needed -0.5886 0.5088 -1.16 0.247
Locomotion off unit--supervision needed -0.6907 0.4819 -1.43 0.152
Dressing--supervision needed 0.7906 0.4629 1.71 0.088
Dressing--assistance needed 0.4399 0.5506 0.80 0.424
Eating--supervision needed -0.2450 0.2948 -0.83 0.406
Toilet use--supervision needed 0.4266 0.3763 1.13 0.257
Toilet use--assistance needed 0.5054 0.5116 0.99 0.323
Personal hygiene--supervision needed -0.4041 0.4350 -0.93 0.353
Personal hygiene--assistance needed -1.0025 0.5272 -1.90 0.057
Bathing--supervision needed -0.7761 0.3286 -2.36 0.018
Bathing--assistance needed -0.4992 0.4100 -1.22 0.223
Bathing--did not occur -0.1894 0.7653 -0.25 0.805
Renal condition -0.5108 0.4435 -1.15 0.250
Renal condition missing 0.9260 0.2773 3.34 0.001
Heart/circulatory condition 0.4429 0.2761 1.60 0.109
Infection 0.1091 0.2648 0.41 0.680
Metabolic condition 0.1445 0.2130 0.68 0.498
Musculoskeletal condition 0.0871 0.2988 0.29 0.771
Motor condition 0.0770 0.3935 0.20 0.845
Neurological condition -0.0029 0.2766 -0.01 0.992
Psychological condition -0.0343 0.2253 -0.15 0.879
Days in nursing facility -0.0034 0.0007 -4.83 0.000
Days in nursing facility squared 0.0000 0.0000 3.68 0.000
Dual Medicare/Medicaid -0.0753 0.2237 -0.34 0.736
Entered facility from community -0.0236 0.4723 -0.05 0.960
Entered facility from other nursing facility -0.1754 0.3903 -0.45 0.653
Transition intent missing -0.6837 0.2455 -2.79 0.005
Constant 3.5015 2.4316 1.44 0.150
SOURCE: HUD administrative data linked to MDS. Sample size = 768.
NOTE: The dependent variable equals one if a nursing facility resident made a transition to the community.

 

TABLE C.5. Logit Model Impact Estimates for Likelihood of Community Transition, Washington
    Coefficient     Standard Error     Z-Score     p-Value  
Treatment area -0.0532 0.2595 -0.21 0.838
Intervention period 0.3624 0.2992 1.21 0.226
Treatment area during intervention period 0.0026 0.3343 0.01 0.994
Female -0.0821 0.1673 -0.49 0.624
Age -0.0135 0.0737 -0.18 0.855
Age squared -0.0002 0.0008 -0.29 0.768
Married 0.9313 0.2991 3.11 0.002
Widowed/separated/divorced 0.4203 0.1808 2.33 0.020
Missing marital status 0.2413 0.3705 0.65 0.515
Non-White -0.4603 0.2448 -1.88 0.060
Missing race 0.0179 0.4969 0.04 0.971
Vision difficulty 0.1179 0.3709 0.32 0.751
Hearing difficulty 0.5302 0.4056 1.31 0.191
Difficulty making self understood -0.4375 0.3693 -1.18 0.236
Bed mobility--supervision needed 0.3627 0.3935 0.92 0.357
Bed mobility--assistance needed 0.5969 0.4530 1.32 0.188
Transfer ability--supervision needed -0.6113 0.3826 -1.60 0.110
Transfer ability--assistance needed -0.8045 0.5181 -1.55 0.120
Walk in room--supervision needed -0.1688 0.3769 -0.45 0.654
Walk in room--assistance needed -0.1736 0.4647 -0.37 0.709
Walk in room--did not occur -1.1966 0.4062 -2.95 0.003
Walk in corridor--supervision needed 0.5968 0.3498 1.71 0.088
Walk in corridor--assistance needed 0.5383 0.5071 1.06 0.288
Walk in corridor--did not occur 0.3698 0.4025 0.92 0.358
Locomotion on unit--supervision needed -0.6485 0.4364 -1.49 0.137
Locomotion on unit--assistance needed -0.4755 0.4078 -1.17 0.244
Locomotion off unit--supervision needed 0.1878 0.3657 0.51 0.608
Locomotion off unit--assistance needed 0.2877 0.3798 0.76 0.449
Locomotion off unit--did not occur -0.6021 0.5507 -1.09 0.274
Dressing--supervision needed -0.5552 0.3395 -1.64 0.102
Dressing--assistance needed -0.5733 0.3674 -1.56 0.119
Eating--supervision needed 0.5223 0.2471 2.11 0.035
Eating--assistance needed -0.8572 0.3420 -2.51 0.012
Toilet use--supervision needed 0.0357 0.3798 0.09 0.925
Toilet use--assistance needed -0.4619 0.3879 -1.19 0.234
Personal hygiene--supervision needed 0.2065 0.2939 0.70 0.482
Personal hygiene--assistance needed -0.3057 0.3202 -0.95 0.340
Bathing--supervision needed -0.1753 0.2827 -0.62 0.535
Bathing--assistance needed 0.1587 0.2831 0.56 0.575
Bathing--did not occur -0.1170 0.5384 -0.22 0.828
Renal condition 0.2066 0.2480 0.83 0.405
Renal condition missing 0.1520 0.4389 0.35 0.729
Cancer 0.1171 0.4860 0.24 0.810
Heart/circulatory condition 0.3024 0.2127 1.42 0.155
Infection 0.1768 0.2057 0.86 0.390
Metabolic condition -0.0564 0.1798 -0.31 0.754
Musculoskeletal condition 0.1470 0.1946 0.76 0.450
Motor condition 0.5677 0.2808 2.02 0.043
Neurological condition 0.1529 0.2212 0.69 0.489
Psychological condition -0.3362 0.1738 -1.93 0.053
Days in nursing facility -0.0051 0.0008 -6.36 0.000
Days in nursing facility squared 0.0000 0.0000 5.28 0.000
Medicare eligible only -0.0530 0.2958 -0.18 0.858
Dual Medicaid/Medicare -0.1414 0.1935 -0.73 0.465
No Medicaid or Medicare 0.0946 0.2586 0.37 0.714
Entered facility from community -0.3636 0.3864 -0.94 0.347
Entered facility from other nursing facility -0.3277 0.9343 -0.35 0.726
Transition intent missing -0.3723 0.2002 -1.86 0.063
Constant 3.2591 1.7690 1.84 0.065
SOURCE: HUD administrative data linked to MDS. Sample size = 1,552.
NOTE: The dependent variable equals one if a nursing facility resident made transition to the community.

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