1 Carmen DeNavas-Walt, Bernadette D. Proctor, and Jessica C. Smith, U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, P60-245, Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2012, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2013 (http://www.census.gov/prod/2013pubs/p60-245.pdf, accessed September 17, 2013).
2 Congressional Budget Office, Effects on Health Insurance and the Federal Budget for the Insurance Coverage Provisions in the Affordable Care Act—May 2013 Baseline(http://www.cbo.gov/system/files/cbofiles/attachments/44190_EffectsAffordableCareActHealthInsuranceCoverage_2.pdf, accessed September 17, 2013).
3 See http://www.medicaid.gov/Medicaid-CHIP-Program-Information/By-Topics/Childrens-Health-Insurance-Program-CHIP/CHIPRA.html, accessed September 17, 2013.
4 Uninsured rate is the number of uninsured people in the specified category divided by the total number of people in that specific category. For example, 9.2% of those age 0-18 are uninsured.
5 Percent of uninsured is the number of uninsured people in the specified category divided by the total uninsured population. For example, 15.0% of the uninsured are age 0-18. Race/Ethnicity data for American Indians and Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders, and non-Latinos reporting more than one race are not shown, and for that reason the Race/Ethnicity percentages in Table 1 do not sum to 100%.
7 The MLR data are available at http://www.cms.gov/CCIIO/Resources/Data-Resources/mlr.html.
8 Steven Sheingold, Adele Shartzer, and Dan Ly, Variation and Trends in Medigap Premiums, ASPE Report, December 2011 (http://aspe.hhs.gov/health/reports/2011/MedigapPremiums/, accessed November 5, 2013).