Neighborhoods and Health: Building Evidence for Local Policy. Organization of this Report

05/01/2003

The organization of the remainder of this report parallels the discussion of the work above. The report has three parts:

Part 1 - Site-Specific Analysis

Part 1 offers summaries of each of the five site-specific studies: Cleveland (section 2), Denver (section 3), Indianapolis (section 4), Oakland (section 5), and Providence (section 6).

Part 2- Cross-Site Analysis

Because of the complexity involved, this part opens with a more detailed discussion of approach and methodology that also includes a discussion of data sources (section 7). We then present the results of the context analysis (section 8) and a straightforward description of trends in health conditions in the five sites (section 9). Section 10 presents our ecological research (bivariate correlations and multivariate regression analysis) and spatial mapping.

Part 3 - Issues and Recommendations

This part (section 11) incorporates our broader assessments of issues and presentation of recommendations on the expansion and improvement of neighborhood-level data and the application of such data in policy development.

The report has a list of References and several Annexes: (A) a description of the National Neighborhood Indicators Partnership (NNIP); (B) a description of the analysis supporting the development of a neighborhood disparity index; and (C) a compilation of supporting tables.

ENDNOTES

1.  Delivery Order No. 19, under Contract No. HHS-100-99-0003.

2.  The 20 NNIP partners are identified in annex A of this report. That annex also describes the purposes of NNIP, its activities and its accomplishments in more detail.

3.  The local partners that submitted proposals but were not selected were the Baltimore Neighborhood Indicators Alliance, the Florida Department of Children and Families in Miami, Nonprofit Center in Milwaukee, and DC Agenda in Washington, D.C.

4.  U.S. Census tracts are locally-determined geographic units, ranging in size from 2,500 to 8,000 persons. Tracts are meant to approximate "neighborhoods" by capturing a group of residents with similar population characteristics, economic status, and living conditions. Tracts can be used by themselves as units of analysis, or as the building blocks to create larger neighborhood areas.

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