The symposium not only focused on the health care needs of individual victims of trafficking but also the public health consequences of human trafficking. The majority of research on human trafficking as a public health issue has focused on its effect on the prevalence of tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, and Hepatitis B. Social service providers working with victims near the United States-Mexico border recognize the significant threat of cross-border contamination among the populations they serve. Government officials reported working on cross-cultural collaborations to examine and reduce cross-border contamination. But both government representatives and social and health service providers agreed that more work is needed in this area.