National Study of Child Protective Services Systems and Reform Efforts. Review of State CPS Policy. Results


The alternative response option does not necessarily result in a finding of maltreatment. Instead, the results are specified in terms of distinct types of actions. (See table 5–F.) (Responses were not mutually exclusive.)

  • Thirteen States (65.0%) included in policy the option of no further action;
  • Twelve States (60.0%) included the option of referral for voluntary services;
  • Eleven States (55.0%) allow for cases to be returned to an investigation unit;
  • Eight States (40.0%) included the option of petitioning the court for mandatory services; and
  • Eight States (40.0%) included the option of closing the response without completing all activities.

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