National Study of Child Protective Services Systems and Reform Efforts. Review of State CPS Policy. Functional Responsibilities in Policy

04/01/2003

Although the National Study indicated that written policies varied as to what was explicitly discussed, the locus of responsibility for the functions of screening, investigation, and assessment was generally addressed. (See table 2-A.)

  • Fifty-one States (100%) specified the locus of responsibility for screening referrals;
  • Fifty States (98.0%) specified the locus of responsibility for conducting investigations;
  • Forty-nine States (96.1%) specified the locus of responsibility for receiving referrals;
  • Forty-nine States (96.1%) specified the locus of responsibility for conducting safety and risk assessments;
  • Forty-four States (86.3%) delineated the responsibility for maintaining the hotline; and
  • Thirty-eight States (74.5%) specified a responsibility for conducting additional family functioning assessments.
State Maintain Hotline Receive Referrals & Reports Screen & Determine Need for Response Conduct Investigation Conduct Safety and Risk Assessment Conduct Additional Family Functioning Assessment Conduct Other CPS Response (Alternative Track) Assign Cases to Response Track Other
Resp P S P S P S P S P S P S P S P S P S
Table 2–A:
Agency or Office with Responsibility for Major CPS Functions (n=51)
AK     C   C   C   C   C   O   C      
AL     C ST, C   C   C                  
AR Oa   Oa C Oa C Oa C C Oa C           Cb  
AZ ST   ST   ST   C   C   C   O   C   Cc  
CA C   C   C   C                      
CO C   C   C   C   C   C              
CT ST   ST R ST R R ST, Od R Od R Od            
DC ST   ST   ST     ST ST   ST              
DE   ST, C   ST, C   ST, C   ST, C   ST, C   ST, C     C      
FL ST   ST   ST   C   C               STe  
GA C   C   C   C   C   C   C   C      
HI Of       C   C   C   C   C   C      
IA ST     ST, C C   C   C   C   C   C      
ID R   R   R     C, Og   C, Oh C, O       C      
IL ST   ST   ST   C,O   C,O                  
IN STi, Ci   C   C   C   C   C              
KS ST     ST, C   ST C   C   C   C   C      
KY O C C ST, C C   C   C   C   C   C      
LA C   C   C   C   C               Cj  
MA ST     STl, C   ST, C   ST, C   ST, C C   m          
MD C   C   C   C   C   C              
ME ST   ST R   ST, R R   R   R   O   R   k  
MI C   C   C   C   C   C              
MN C   C   C   C   C       C   C      
MO ST     ST, C   ST, C C   C   C   C   C      
MS ST     ST, C   ST, C C   C   C              
MT ST   ST   ST   C   C   C   C          
NC     C   C   C           C q C      
ND     C     ST, C Cr   C   C       C      
NE On   C   C   C   C   C   C          
NH ST   ST   ST   R   R               STo  
NJ   ST, C C ST C ST C   C   C              
NM Op   Op   Op   C   C   C       Op      
NV C   C   C   C   C   C   C   C      
NY ST C C   C   C   C                  
OH C Os C ST,Ot C   C u C   C              
OK C     ST, C C   C   C   C   C   C      
OR     C   C Ov C Ow C                  
PA ST     ST, C C   C Rx C   C   C     ST, C    
RI ST   ST   ST   ST   ST                  
SC ST   C   C   C   C   C   C   C      
SD C   C   C   C   C       C   C      
TN   R, C   R,C   R, C C   C   C              
TX ST   ST C   ST, C C   C   C              
UT                                    
VA   ST, C   ST, C C   C   C   C   C   C      
VT     R   R   R Oy R   R       R      
WA C   C   C   C   C   C   C   C      
WI C   C   C   C   C           C     C, Oaa
WV STz     ST, C C   C   C   C   C   C      
WY       C, Obb C Obb C, Obb   C                  
P = Primary Responsibility; S = Shared Responsibility; ST = State Central Office; R = Regional District Office; C = County or Local Office; O = Other

a Arkansas' "other" = contracted out to State police
b Supportive Services Procedure, (II-B1) assessing families in relation to strengths and needs
c Alternative Investigation
d Sub-Office
e E.g., Foster Home Concern
f Hawaii's "other" = Per Island
g Field Office & Multidisciplinary Teams
h Idaho's "other" = Field Office
i State responsibility when an institutional perpetrator; county responsibility when a noninstitutional perpetrator
j Multidisciplinary Teams
k Community agencies under contract
l Institutional referrals to central office
m State will refer if nondispositioned.
n One local regional center has responsibility for the entire State.
o State-level Special Investigation Unit responds to all reports of child abuse and neglect in out-of-home care.
p State central intake office
q Ten pilots in late Spring 2002
r Assessment
s The county agency is supposed to have a system for receiving calls 24/7, but can contract with outside agency
t Referrals may also be received by "other public agencies."
u Law enforcement - "The PCSA may request assistance of law enforcement at any time during an assessment and investigation for any reason including, but not limited to, worker safety."
v Multidisciplinary Teams are recommended and can be used as consultants.
w Contact Multidisciplinary Teams and law enforcement as described by local protocol
x Regional office has primary responsibility if alleged perpetrator is agent of the county.
y Assistance from law enforcement must be requested for: child sexual abuse cases, serious physical abuse and neglect likely to result in criminal charges, and situations potentially dangerous to worker or child.
z Contracted out
aa Interagency agreement between the county offices and law enforcement for collaboration during joint or parallel investigations and for notifying law enforcement about reports. Ho-Chunk Tribe - notice of receipt of report to tribe for Indian children (the county must notify tribe within 24 hours that a report was received).
bb Law enforcement center

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