National Study of Child Protective Services Systems and Reform Efforts. Review of State CPS Policy. Endnotes


1 Definitions discussed in this chapter are not exact quotes of the full, written, policy statements. In many instances, reviewers paraphrased especially long and detailed definitions. These definitions were reviewed and accepted by State administrators.

2 Most State policy manuals contained detailed definitions of the full range of abuse types. In a few States, the general category of "abuse" included physical, neglect, sexual, or emotional abuse. For these States, the language dealing with these forms of maltreatment is presented under the category headings in table 4-A.

3 Fluke, J., Parry, C., Shapiro, P., Hollinshead, D., Bollenbacher, V., Baumann, D., Davis-Brown, K. (2001). The Dynamics of unsubstantiated reports: A multi-state study. Englewood, CO: American Humane Association.

4 Data were supplemented with findings from "Law Enforcement, Child Protection and Hybrids," American Humane Association, funded by the Edna McConnell Clark Foundation.

5 If the policy manual stated a range of time for completion, the later date was used to calculate the categories used in this analysis. If the policy manual specified the timeframe by "working days," estimates were made to convert that timeframe to real calendar days. A 30-day timeframe is considered to fall in the 2-4 week category.

6 Because much of the relevant information appeared only in statute, the information from the policy reviews for each State in table 4-O was supplemented with information from the 2000 Child Abuse and Neglect Statute Series from the National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect. However, information contained in the table was reviewed and updated by participating State administrators.

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