National Study of Child Protective Services Systems and Reform Efforts. Review of State CPS Policy. Endnotes


1 Walter R. McDonald & Associates, Inc., and its partners Westat, Inc., the American Humane Association, and KRA Corporation conducted the National Study on behalf of the Children’s Bureau, Administration on Children, Youth and Families, Administration for Children and Families, and the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

2 The District of Columbia will be referred to as a State throughout this report.

3 This study Law Enforcement, Child Protection Agencies and Hybrids: A Guide to the Field was funded by the Edna McConnell Clark Foundation and had the goal of differentiating child protection systems by the level of use of law enforcement in addressing child abuse and neglect.

4 The States that participated in the interview component of the National Study included Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

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