Data from the American Public Human Services Association (APHSA) were used to characterize the administrative structure of each State. Thirty-eight States (74.5%) were categorized as State-administered. Thirteen States (25.5%) were categorized as State-supervised, county-administered.
Of the 38 State-administered systems, eight States indicated in the interviews that the local counties were largely responsible for CPS. These States were re-categorized as "State-administered systems with strong county structure and discretion." Figure 2-1 shows the States by these three categories.
Administrative Structure of Child Protective Services
State-Administered = Alaska, Arizona, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
State-Supervised, County- Administered = California, Colorado, Georgia, Maryland, Minnesota, Nevada, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania,Virginia, and Wisconsin.
State-Administered with Strong County Structure and Discretion = Alabama, Arkansas, Indiana, Missouri, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Vermont, and West Virginia.