National Study of Child Protective Services Systems and Reform Efforts: Literature Review. Notes to Exhibit 2

03/01/2001

To be included in Exhibit 2, a State had to have its demonstration or initiative described in a published document or on a web site.

Family Assessment/Differential Response System

States have been noted as initiating such programs if they are piloting programs that respond to children differently based on an initial assessment of risk or if they have introduced new family assessment protocols. Such protocols include attention to and indeed may focus solely on the assessment of family needs, rather than solely on the substantiation of maltreatment. (Sources: AHA, 1996; National Conference of State Legislatures, 1999; Christian, 1997; English et. al., 2000; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2000.)

Community-Centered Services

States are included in this category if they have piloted programs at the local community level that have some of the following characteristics: reduce the separation or isolation of CPS from the community, utilize informal community resources, or re-locate CPS staff in the community. (Sources: AHA, 1996; Christian, 1997; Shirk, 1998.)

CPS-Police Relationships

States are included in this category ifthe law enforcement agency is responsible for or has significant responsibilities in the handling of some cases of child maltreatment as defined by State statute. (Sources: Christian, 1997; Bollenbacher, 2000.)

Collaboration Between CPS Agencies and AOD Agencies

States are included in this category if they have built innovative bridges in at least one community among their CPS and AOD treatment agencies. (Source: Gardner & Young, 1997; Young & Gardner, 2000; IV-E Waivers.)

Collaboration Between CPS Agencies and Domestic Violence (DV) Agencies

States are included in this category if they have built innovative bridges among their CPS and DV agencies at the state level (*) or at a community level (X). (Sources: Aron & Olson, 1997; National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges, 1998.)

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