National Study of Child Protective Services Systems and Reform Efforts. Findings on Local CPS Practices. Responsibility for Different Types of Perpetrators

05/01/2003

The supplemental analyses found administrative structure differences in agency responsibility for different types of perpetrators. Agencies in State-administered systems with strong county structure were less likely to have lead responsibility when perpetrators were facility personnel, but the reverse was true if the perpetrator was a noncaregiver (Table 7-30). Specifically, agencies in State-administered systems (30%) and county-administered systems (21%) more often had lead responsibility when the maltreatment was perpetrated by a staff person at a group home or institution than did agencies in State-administered systems with strong county structure (14%). When the perpetrator was not a caregiver, a higher proportion of agencies in State-administered systems with strong county structure (16%) had lead responsibility compared to both State-administered agencies (1%) and county-administered agencies (10%).

Table 7-30:
CPS Agencies with Lead Responsibility for Investigation by Perpetrator Type
Type of perpetrator State-administered County-administered State-administered with strong county structure
Estimate
(C.I.)
Percent Estimate
(C.I.)
Percent Estimate
(C.I.)
Percent
Group home or institution staffa 330
(230-440)
30% 200
(130-270)
21% 80
(10-140)
14%
Noncaregiverb 10
(0-30)
1% 100
(50-140)
10% 90
(20-150)
16%
a X2=33.26, p<.001
b X2=21.55, p<.001
Note: Percentages are not additive because agencies were included in each applicable row (category).
Note: Numbers in italics are based on 10 or fewer agencies.

Differences by administrative structure in the role of law enforcement emerged for one type of perpetrator. Four percent of agencies in State-administered systems and 14 percent of agencies in county-administered systems shared responsibility with law enforcement for noncaregiver perpetrators (Table 7-31). Nearly one-third (31%) of agencies in State-administered systems with strong county structure shared lead responsibility with law enforcement for maltreatment by noncaregivers.

Table 7-31:
Percentage of CPS Agencies that Share Lead Responsibility for Noncaregiver Perpetrators with Law Enforcement a
Lead responsibility State-administered County-administered State-administered with strong county structure
Estimate
(C.I.)
Percent Estimate
(C.I.)
Percent Estimate
(C.I.)
Percent
Share for noncaregiver perpetrators 40
(10-70)
4% 140
(90-180)
14% 170
(80-260)
31%
Do not share for noncaregiver perpetrators 1,060
(940-1,180)
96% 830
(750-900)
86% 380
(210-550)
69%
Total 1,100
(970-1,220)
100% 960
(890-1,030)
100% 550
(350-750)
100%
a X2=12.37, p<.001
Note: Numbers in italics are based on 10 or fewer agencies.

There was also one notable difference by administrative structure in how CPS agencies shared lead responsibility with other, nonlaw enforcement agencies for different types of perpetrators. CPS agencies were more likely to share lead responsibility with other agencies for maltreatment perpetrated by staff at a group home or institution when their system was county-administered (33%) compared to agencies in State-administered systems (19%) or State-administered with strong county structure (10%), (Table 7-32).

h scope="COL">Percent

Table 7-32:
Percentage of CPS Agencies that Share Lead Responsibility for
Institutional Perpetrators with Other, Nonlaw Enforcement Agencies a
Lead responsibility State-administered County-administered State-administered with strong county structure
Estimate
(C.I.)
Percent Estimate
(C.I.)
Percent Estimate
(C.I.)
Share for institutional perpetrators 200
(120-290)
19% 320
(250-390)
33% 60
(0-110)
10%
Do not share for institutional perpetrators 890
(750-1,030)
81% 640
(540-740)
67% 490
(300-680)
90%
Total 1,100
(970-1,220)
100% 960
(890-1,030)
100% 550
(350-750)
100%
a X2=14.34, p<.001
Note: Numbers in italics are based on 10 or fewer agencies.