National Evaluation of the Welfare-to-Work Grants Program: Final Report. The Labor Market Outcomes of WtW Enrollees

09/01/2004

This chapter describes employment outcomes of WtW enrollees in the two years after they entered the program, focusing mostly on the second year after program entry.(34) This study did not attempt to estimate the net impacts of WtW-funded programs. Hence, the outcomes reported in this chapter and the next cannot be attributed to the programs and differences in outcomes across the study sites should not be regarded as indicative of differences in program efficacy.

The findings in this chapter are based on two data sources: (1) UI quarterly records and (2) follow-up surveys conducted 12 and 24 months after program entry. The UI data were used mainly to describe basic employment outcomes of WtW enrollees during the first year after program entry.(35) The survey data were used to present findings based on a richer and more recent set of employment-related outcomes.

Section A of this chapter shows that WtW enrollees who were not employed when they entered the program took an average of four to five months to be placed in a job. Although these placements initially increased the employment rate among enrollees, the gains were generally not sustained over time. In fact, Section B shows that most enrollees were not employed two years after entering the program. However, those who were employed usually worked a full or nearly full workweek, as presented in Section C. They earned about $8 per hour and rarely participated in an employer-provided health insurance plan.

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