National Evaluation of the Welfare-to-Work Grants Program: Final Report. Sources of Data on Individual WtW Enrollees

09/01/2004

 

Most of the programs included in the evaluation were open to all WtW-eligible individuals. However, in several sites, programs focused on specific subgroups of the eligible population:

  • Noncustodial Parents Released from Incarceration. In Milwaukee, the NOW program targeted noncustodial parents on probation or parole or who were inmates in minimum-security facilities and soon to be released.
  • Persons Already Employed. The JHU Career Transcript System programs in Baltimore County, Long Beach, and St. Lucie County targeted mainly WtW-eligible persons who had already secured employment, with the aim of helping them stay employed and advance to better jobs.
  • Subgroups with Special Needs. Grantees in Chicago, Ft. Worth, and Nashville awarded some of their contracts for the provision of WtW service to organizations that specialized in serving homeless families and persons with mental or physical disabilities, limited education or English language skills, or other types of special needs.
  • TANF Recipients Unsuccessful in Other Services. Another targeting strategy involved focusing WtW resources on those TANF recipients who failed to obtain employment through TANF work programs and were thus presumably particularly hard to employ. The WtW programs in Philadelphia, Nashville, and Yakima followed this strategy.

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