National Evaluation of the Welfare-to-Work Grants Program: Final Report. Services Actually Received

09/01/2004

The services that WtW enrollees actually received were heavily tilted toward employment preparation services as opposed to skill enhancement services, reflecting the requirement that WtW-funded programs complement PRWORAs work first philosophy.(25) Employment preparation services either help individuals overcome barriers that prevent them from securing employment or facilitate their progress in finding and maintaining work. Such services typically address specific problems and are of short duration. In contrast, skill enhancement services help individuals qualify for better jobs than they otherwise would. These services, typically education or training, are designed to broadly increase human capital and may be of longer duration. The BBA restricted the provision of skill enhancement services funded by WtW grants to the post-employment period.(26) However, the 1999 amendments to the BBA expanded the list of allowable pre-employment services to include education and training, but capped the duration of these services at six months.(27) This evaluations report on the implementation of the WtW grants program states that, following the amendments, the programs did not change much with respect to the provision of pre-employment education and training because they had already established particular program models and approaches (Nightingale et al. 2002, page 54).(28)

This evaluations 12-month follow-up survey asked WtW enrollees a series of questions on the employment-related services they received during the year following program entry. Respondents to the survey did not necessarily know whether WtW-funded providers or other organizations delivered the services. However, the types of services that they reported are broadly consistent with earlier findings on the services provided by the WtW programs in the study sites (Nightingale et al. 2002). Consequently, we believe that WtW-funded providers delivered many or even most of the services that enrollees reported receiving. This section uses the 12-month follow-up survey data to describe enrollees receipt of employment preparation and skill enhancement services. It also uses information gathered as part of the evaluations implementation study to describe opportunities for participation in transitional employment programs.

View full report

Preview
Download

"report.pdf" (pdf, 1.18Mb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"apc.pdf" (pdf, 75.49Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"apd.pdf" (pdf, 27.02Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"ape.pdf" (pdf, 12.59Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®

View full report

Preview
Download

"apf.pdf" (pdf, 70.51Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®