National Evaluation of the Welfare-to-Work Grants Program: Final Report. Origin and Structure of the WtW Grants Program

09/01/2004

Congress created the WtW grants program to complement TANFs work first focus, in recognition that certain people would require higher investments of resources over a longer period of time than the general TANF caseload to achieve employment success. The program was established by the Balanced Budget Act (BBA) of 1997.(2) WtW funds were targeted to high-poverty areas and individuals who were likely to need intensive services, including long-term welfare recipients, high school dropouts, substance abusers, and those approaching their TANF time limits. WtW programs could also serve noncustodial parents who had severe employment problems. Long-term post-employment services to achieve economic self-sufficiency were encouraged; beginning a job, either subsidized or unsubsidized, was assumed to be just the first step.

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