National Evaluation of the Welfare-to-Work Grants Program: Final Report. Endnotes

09/01/2004

(1) Public Law 104-193, section 103, August 22, 1996.

(2) Public Law 105-33, section 5001, August 5, 1997.

(3) After bottoming out at 2,006,155 families in July 2002, the U.S. total TANF caseload increased to 2,032,157 families in June 2003, which was the most recent month for which caseload statistics were available at the time this report was being written (DHHS 2004).

(4) Public Law 105-220, August 7, 1998.

(5) DOLs Employment and Training Administration wrote the final rules for the WtW grants program. They were published in the Federal Register on January 11, 2001. The objectives quoted verbatim here appear on page 2712.

(6) Public Law 106-113, Title VIII, sections 801-807, November 29, 1999.

(7) Formula and competitive grants combined totaled about $2.76 billion. Tribal programs received about $30 million. The remaining funds (about $210 million) were used for federal research, evaluation, technical assistance, administration, reporting, and monitoring.

(8) Nightingale et al. 2002 and 2003 are both summarized in Appendix G of this report.

(9) Public Law 108-199, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, Section 105, January 23, 2004, rescinded grantees formula funds that were unexpended on the date that the Act was passed. The final rescinded amount had not been determined at the time this report was being prepared because states were still closing out their grant activities.

(10) The 11 sites, described in Chapter II, were selected to include a wide range of program sponsors, geographic regions and populations, and program approaches, but do not represent the programs funded by WtW grants in a statistical sense.

(11) Evaluation sample enrollment began and ended at different times in the study sites, as sites were recruited and became ready for sample enrollment at different points. The earliest sites began sample enrollment in July 1999, and the latest ended in December 2001. In most sites, sample enrollment was conducted over 20 to 24 months, but in three sites the enrollment period ranged from 27 to 29 months.

(12) Details on how the surveys were conducted and data were processed are provided in Appendix F of this report and Appendix C of Fraker et al. (2004).

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