National Evaluation of the Welfare-to-Work Grants Program: Final Report. Did Enrollees Find Jobs?

09/01/2004

In all sites, WtW enrollees were more likely to be employed in the quarter of program entry than in the quarter prior to program entry (Exhibit IV.2), reflecting mainly the fact that the study sites placed some enrollees into jobs shortly after program entry. Not surprisingly given its emphasis on quickly providing enrollees with subsidized employment, Philadelphia exhibited the greatest increase in employment among its enrollees around the time of program entry. In this site, the employment rate increased from 34 percent in the quarter before to 79 percent in the quarter of program entry.

WtW enrollees who were not employed when they entered the program required an average of four to five months to find their first post-enrollment jobs (Exhibit IV.1).(37) The time that it took enrollees to find jobs was determined by a host of factors, including the nature of the services they received. It tended to take enrollees less time to secure their first job in sites that provided services consistent with rapid job entry than in those that provided more extensive pre-employment services. Enrollees in Chicago, Phoenix, and Yakima  which used an employment model, designed to move participants into jobs quickly  obtained their first jobs in an average of 4.2 months. In the five sites emphasizing intensive pre-employment preparation, the average elapsed time until the first job tended to be longer, ranging from a low of 4.3 months in Philadelphia to a high of 5.1 months in West Virginia.(38) However, Ft. Worth represented an exception to this pattern. Despite being classified as a site that adopted the employment model, enrollees in this site took on average 5.2 months to find their first job. As described in Chapter III, enrollees in Ft. Worth were much less likely than other employment model sites to receive employment preparation services.

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