WtW enrollees relied heavily on help from nongovernmental sources of support. They were especially likely to receive assistance from family and friends. During the second year after program entry, about two of every three enrollees in each of the study sites received gifts or loans of money, help with transportation, or other types of support from extended family members and friends (Exhibit V.1). They were much less likely to receive assistance from community organizations; only about one in every three or four enrollees received assistance from food pantries, crisis centers, or other organizations that provide goods and services to needy individuals and families.
The trend over time in the receipt of private-source assistance was downward. Across the 11 study sites, rates of receipt of assistance from family and friends or from community organizations were roughly 7 percentage points lower during the second year after program entry than the first (Appendix Exhibit B.10).(50) This may reflect movement by some enrollees beyond the disruptive events that precipitated their entry into WtW at the beginning of the previous year.
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