Minnesota Managed Care Longitudinal Data Analysis. Appendix A. Additional Tables

03/31/2016

TABLE A-1a. Logistic Regression Results on Having Any Hospital Stay, 2010-2012: Overall Sample, Model 1
Characteristic β AOR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan -0.616 0.540 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 -0.019 0.981
   75-79 0.077 1.080 ***
   80-84 0.078 1.081 ***
   85-89 0.068 1.070 **
   90+ -0.207 0.813 ***
Female -0.074 0.929 ***
Died during year 0.912 2.488 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.604 1.829 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.107 1.113 ***
   Physical disabilityc 0.579 1.785 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 0.216 1.241 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 1.989 7.305 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 -0.033 0.968 *
   2012 -0.169 0.844 ***
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population ---
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community ---
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others ---
   % Population 65+ with college education ---
   % Population 65+ who are married ---
   County fixed effects NO
N 121,696
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-1b. Logistic Regression Results on Having Any Hospital Stay, 2010-2012: Overall Sample, Model 2
Characteristic β AOR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan -0.655 0.519 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 -0.017 0.983
   75-79 0.065 1.067 **
   80-84 0.039 1.039
   85-89 0.003 1.003
   90+ -0.293 0.746 ***
Female -0.084 0.919 ***
Died during year 0.907 2.477 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.593 1.809 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.143 1.154 ***
   Physical disabilityc 0.605 1.832 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 0.247 1.280 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 1.990 7.319 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 -0.003 0.997
   2012 -0.165 0.848 ***
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population 0.206 1.228 ***
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community 0.012 1.012 ***
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others -0.007 0.993 *
   % Population 65+ with college education -0.019 0.982 ***
   % Population 65+ who are married 0.024 1.024 ***
   County fixed effects NO
N 120,815g
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-1c. Logistic Regression Results on Having Any Hospital Stay, 2010-2012: Overall Sample, Model 3
Characteristic β AOR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan -0.663 0.515 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 -0.012 0.988
   75-79 0.068 1.071 **
   80-84 0.040 1.041
   85-89 -0.003 0.997
   90+ -0.306 0.737 ***
Female -0.079 0.924 ***
Died during year 0.918 2.504 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.603 1.827 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.136 1.146 ***
   Physical disabilityc 0.620 1.859 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 0.251 1.286 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 1.999 7.381 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 -0.021 0.979
   2012 -0.160 0.852 ***
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population ---
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community ---
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others ---
   % Population 65+ with college education ---
   % Population 65+ who are married ---
   County fixed effects YESf
N 121,696
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-2a. Logistic Regression Results on Having Any Outpatient ED Visit, 2010-2012: Overall Sample, Model 1
Characteristic β AOR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan -0.038 0.963 **
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 -0.067 0.935 ***
   75-79 -0.056 0.945 **
   80-84 -0.083 0.920 ***
   85-89 -0.140 0.869 ***
   90+ -0.252 0.777 ***
Female -0.052 0.950 ***
Died during year 0.057 1.059 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.471 1.601 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.030 1.031 **
   Physical disabilityc 0.681 1.977 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 0.319 1.375 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 1.071 2.919 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 0.042 1.043 ***
   2012 0.048 1.049 ***
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population ---
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community ---
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others ---
   % Population 65+ with college education ---
   % Population 65+ who are married ---
   County fixed effects NO
N 121,696
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-2b. Logistic Regression Results on Having Any Outpatient ED Visit, 2010-2012: Overall Sample, Model 2
Characteristic β AOR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan -0.073 0.930 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 -0.066 0.936 ***
   75-79 -0.071 0.932 ***
   80-84 -0.133 0.875 ***
   85-89 -0.218 0.804 ***
   90+ -0.353 0.703 ***
Female -0.063 0.939 ***
Died during year 0.043 1.044 **
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.456 1.578 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.068 1.070 ***
   Physical disabilityc 0.711 2.036 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 0.350 1.419 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 1.067 2.906 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 0.075 1.078 ***
   2012 0.073 1.075 ***
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population 0.015 1.015
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community 0.000 1.000
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others -0.021 0.980 ***
   % Population 65+ with college education -0.016 0.984 ***
   % Population 65+ who are married 0.030 1.030 ***
   County fixed effects NO
N 120,815g
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-2c. Logistic Regression Results on Having Any Outpatient ED Visit, 2010-2012: Overall Sample, Model 3
Characteristic β AOR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan -0.064 0.938 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 -0.065 0.937 ***
   75-79 -0.072 0.931 ***
   80-84 -0.142 0.867 ***
   85-89 -0.244 0.783 ***
   90+ -0.383 0.682 ***
Female -0.057 0.945 ***
Died during year 0.037 1.038 *
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.460 1.585 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.069 1.071 ***
   Physical disabilityc 0.728 2.07 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 0.367 1.444 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 1.070 2.914 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 0.045 1.046 ***
   2012 0.057 1.058 ***
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population ---
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community ---
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others ---
   % Population 65+ with college education ---
   % Population 65+ who are married ---
   County fixed effects YESf
N 121,696
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-3a. Logistic Regression Results on Having Any Long-Term Nursing Facility Use, 2010-2012: Overall Sample Model 1
Characteristic β AOR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan 0.079 1.082 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 0.445 1.561 ***
   75-79 0.781 2.183 ***
   80-84 1.192 3.295 ***
   85-89 1.653 5.220 ***
   90+ 2.166 8.721 ***
Female -0.119 0.888 ***
Died during year 0.701 2.015 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 1.427 4.164 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.874 2.396 ***
   Physical disabilityc -0.289 0.749 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 0.157 1.171 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 0.747 2.111 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 -0.104 0.902 ***
   2012 -0.161 0.851 ***
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population ---
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community ---
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others ---
   % Population 65+ with college education ---
   % Population 65+ who are married ---
   County fixed effects NO
N 121,696
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-3b. Logistic Regression Results on Having Any Long-Term Nursing Facility Use, 2010-2012: Overall Sample Model 2
Characteristic β AOR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan 0.030 1.030
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 0.448 1.566 ***
   75-79 0.772 2.164 ***
   80-84 1.160 3.191 ***
   85-89 1.603 4.967 ***
   90+ 2.101 8.178 ***
Female 0.121 0.886 ***
Died during year 0.694 2.002 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 1.426 4.162 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.915 2.496 ***
   Physical disabilityc -0.277 0.758 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 0.191 1.210 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 0.748 2.112 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 -0.046 0.955 **
   2012 -0.078 0.925 ***
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population -0.291 0.748 ***
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community 0.001 1.001
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others -0.040 0.961 ***
   % Population 65+ with college education -0.010 0.990 ***
   % Population 65+ who are married 0.022 1.022 ***
   County fixed effects NO
N 120,815g
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-3c. Logistic Regression Results on Having Any Long-Term Nursing Facility Use, 2010-2012: Overall Sample Model 3
Characteristic β AOR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan 0.015 1.015
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 0.445 1.561 ***
   75-79 0.762 2.143 ***
   80-84 1.148 3.153 ***
   85-89 1.586 4.882 ***
   90+ 2.077 7.984 ***
Female -0.118 0.889 ***
Died during year 0.703 2.019 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 1.437 4.206 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.978 2.658 ***
   Physical disabilityc -0.270 0.764 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 0.189 1.208 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 0.751 2.119 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 -0.092 0.912 ***
   2012 -0.145 0.865 ***
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population ---
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community ---
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others ---
   % Population 65+ with college education ---
   % Population 65+ who are married ---
   County fixed effects YESf
N 121,696
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-4a. Logistic Regression Results on Using Any HCBS, 2010-2012: Overall Sample, Model 1
Characteristic β AOR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan 0.086 1.089 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 0.305 1.356 ***
   75-79 0.429 1.536 ***
   80-84 0.368 1.445 ***
   85-89 0.152 1.164 ***
   90+ -0.217 0.805 ***
Female 0.214 1.239 ***
Died during year 0.132 1.141 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa -0.191 0.826 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.217 1.243 ***
   Physical disabilityc 0.620 1.859 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 0.014 1.014
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 0.679 1.971 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 0.051 1.053 ***
   2012 0.103 1.108 ***
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population ---
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community ---
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others ---
   % Population 65+ with college education ---
   % Population 65+ who are married ---
   County fixed effects NO
N 121,696
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-4b. Logistic Regression Results on Using Any HCBS, 2010-2012: Overall Sample, Model 2
Characteristic β AOR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan 0.110 1.116 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 0.308 1.360 ***
   75-79 0.438 1.549 ***
   80-84 0.404 1.497 ***
   85-89 0.206 1.229 ***
   90+ -0.155 0.857 ***
Female 0.221 1.247 ***
Died during year 0.146 1.157 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa -0.184 0.832 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.193 1.213 ***
   Physical disabilityc 0.608 1.837 ***
   Sensory disabilityd -0.011 0.989
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 0.692 1.998 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 0.029 1.029 *
   2012 0.070 1.072 ***
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population 0.124 1.132 ***
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community 0.001 1.001
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others 0.034 1.035 ***
   % Population 65+ with college education 0.001 1.001
   % Population 65+ who are married -0.035 0.965 ***
   County fixed effects NO
N 120,815g
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-4c. Logistic Regression Results on Using Any HCBS, 2010-2012: Overall Sample, Model 3
Characteristic β AOR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan 0.126 1.134 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 0.306 1.358 ***
   75-79 0.453 1.573 ***
   80-84 0.426 1.531 ***
   85-89 0.233 1.262 ***
   90+ -0.119 0.888 ***
Female 0.215 1.24 ***
Died during year 0.149 1.16 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa -0.180 0.835 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.183 1.201 ***
   Physical disabilityc 0.613 1.846 ***
   Sensory disabilityd -0.008 0.992
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 0.700 2.014 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 0.044 1.045 ***
   2012 0.093 1.098 ***
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population ---
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community ---
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others ---
   % Population 65+ with college education ---
   % Population 65+ who are married ---
   County fixed effects YESf
N 121,696
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-5a. Logistic Regression Results on Having Any Assisted Living Facility Use: 2010-2012: Overall Sample, Model 1
Characteristic β AOR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan -0.126 0.882 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 0.290 1.336 ***
   75-79 0.569 1.766 ***
   80-84 0.978 2.658 ***
   85-89 1.176 3.242 ***
   90+ 1.146 3.146 ***
Female 0.247 1.280 ***
Died during year -0.252 0.778 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.336 1.400 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.369 1.447 ***
   Physical disabilityc 0.019 1.019
   Sensory disabilityd -0.229 0.796 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 0.058 1.059 **
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 0.051 1.053 ***
   2012 0.060 1.062 ***
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population ---
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community ---
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others ---
   % Population 65+ with college education ---
   % Population 65+ who are married ---
   County fixed effects NO
N 121,696
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-5b. Logistic Regression Results on Having Any Assisted Living Facility Use: 2010-2012: Overall Sample, Model 2
Characteristic β AOR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan -0.168 0.845 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 0.286 1.331 ***
   75-79 0.550 1.734 ***
   80-84 0.926 2.525 ***
   85-89 1.097 2.996 ***
   90+ 1.044 2.841 ***
Female 0.242 1.273 ***
Died during year -0.265 0.767 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.320 1.377 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.411 1.509 ***
   Physical disabilityc 0.042 1.043 **
   Sensory disabilityd -0.192 0.825 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 0.057 1.059 **
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 0.083 1.086 ***
   2012 0.059 1.061 ***
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population 0.277 1.319 ***
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community 0.031 1.031 ***
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others -0.023 0.977 ***
   % Population 65+ with college education -0.006 0.994 ***
   % Population 65+ who are married 0.055 1.056 ***
   County fixed effects NO
N 120,815g
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-5c. Logistic Regression Results on Having Any Assisted Living Facility Use: 2010-2012: Overall Sample, Model 3
Characteristic β AOR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan -0.171 0.842 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 0.313 1.368 ***
   75-79 0.588 1.801 ***
   80-84 0.971 2.641 ***
   85-89 1.127 3.087 ***
   90+ 1.077 2.934 ***
Female 0.224 1.250 ***
Died during year -0.286 0.752 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.326 1.386 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.372 1.450 ***
   Physical disabilityc 0.066 1.069 ***
   Sensory disabilityd -0.160 0.852 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 0.048 1.049 *
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 0.045 1.046 **
   2012 0.054 1.055 ***
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population ---
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community ---
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others ---
   % Population 65+ with college education ---
   % Population 65+ who are married ---
   County fixed effects YESf
N 121,696
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-6a. Logistic Regression Results on Having Any Visit to a PCP, 2010-2012: Overall Sample, Model 1
Characteristic β AOR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan 0.802 2.231 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 -0.027 0.974
   75-79 -0.033 0.968
   80-84 -0.070 0.933 **
   85-89 -0.034 0.967
   90+ -0.032 0.969
Female 0.158 1.171 ***
Died during year -0.770 0.463 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.449 1.566 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.421 1.523 ***
   Physical disabilityc 0.403 1.497 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 0.313 1.367 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 0.971 2.641 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 0.015 1.015
   2012 -0.044 0.957 **
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population ---
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community ---
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others ---
   % Population 65+ with college education ---
   % Population 65+ who are married ---
   County fixed effects NO
N 121,696
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-6b. Logistic Regression Results on Having Any Visit to a PCP, 2010-2012: Overall Sample, Model 2
Characteristic β AOR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan 0.879 2.408 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 -0.033 0.967
   75-79 -0.015 0.985
   80-84 -0.004 0.996
   85-89 0.070 1.072 **
   90+ 0.106 1.112 ***
Female 0.167 1.182 ***
Died during year -0.767 0.464 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.482 1.620 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.373 1.452 ***
   Physical disabilityc 0.373 1.452 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 0.283 1.326 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 1.018 2.766 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 -0.061 0.941 ***
   2012 -0.162 0.850 ***
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population 0.091 1.095 ***
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community 0.014 1.014 ***
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others 0.087 1.091 ***
   % Population 65+ with college education 0.014 1.014 ***
   % Population 65+ who are married -0.062 0.940 ***
   County fixed effects NO
N 120,815g
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-6c. Logistic Regression Results on Having Any Visit to a PCP, 2010-2012: Overall Sample, Model 3
Characteristic β AOR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan 0.995 2.705 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 -0.056 0.945 **
   75-79 -0.013 0.987
   80-84 0.005 1.005
   85-89 0.110 1.116 ***
   90+ 0.161 1.174 ***
Female 0.141 1.151 ***
Died during year -0.809 0.446 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.515 1.674 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.389 1.475 ***
   Physical disabilityc 0.402 1.495 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 0.303 1.353 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 1.081 2.947 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 0.025 1.025
   2012 -0.042 0.959 **
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population ---
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community ---
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others ---
   % Population 65+ with college education ---
   % Population 65+ who are married ---
   County fixed effects YESf
N 121,696
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-7a. Logistic Regression Results on Having Any Visit to a Specialist, 2010-2012: Overall Sample, Model 1
Characteristic β AOR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan -0.045 0.956 **
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 -0.045 0.956
   75-79 -0.113 0.893 ***
   80-84 -0.234 0.792 ***
   85-89 -0.411 0.663 ***
   90+ -0.710 0.492 ***
Female 0.084 1.088 ***
Died during year -1.086 0.338 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.415 1.514 ***
   Neurological disabilityb -0.052 0.949 ***
   Physical disabilityc 0.951 2.587 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 1.555 4.737 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 1.199 3.318 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 0.012 1.012
   2012 0.013 1.013
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population ---
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community ---
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others ---
   % Population 65+ with college education ---
   % Population 65+ who are married ---
   County fixed effects NO
N 121,696
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-7b. Logistic Regression Results on Having Any Visit to a Specialist, 2010-2012: Overall Sample, Model 2
Characteristic β AOR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan -0.017 0.983
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 -0.046 0.955
   75-79 -0.105 0.901 ***
   80-84 -0.195 0.822 ***
   85-89 -0.349 0.705 ***
   90+ -0.632 0.531 ***
Female 0.089 1.092 ***
Died during year -1.082 0.339 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.431 1.539 ***
   Neurological disabilityb -0.085 0.919 ***
   Physical disabilityc 0.937 2.552 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 1.542 4.672 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 1.214 3.366 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 -0.025 0.976
   2012 -0.044 0.957 **
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population -0.082 0.921 ***
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community 0.030 1.030 ***
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others 0.047 1.048 ***
   % Population 65+ with college education 0.015 1.015 ***
   % Population 65+ who are married -0.033 0.968 ***
   County fixed effects NO
N 120,815g
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-7c. Logistic Regression Results on Having Any Visit to a Specialist, 2010-2012: Overall Sample, Model 3
Characteristic β AOR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan -0.036 0.964
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 -0.046 0.955
   75-79 -0.113 0.893 ***
   80-84 -0.203 0.816 ***
   85-89 -0.353 0.703 ***
   90+ -0.637 0.529 ***
Female 0.090 1.095 ***
Died during year -1.103 0.332 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.452 1.571 ***
   Neurological disabilityb -0.115 0.892 ***
   Physical disabilityc 0.935 2.546 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 1.541 4.669 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 1.245 3.474 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 0.014 1.014
   2012 0.009 1.009
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population ---
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community ---
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others ---
   % Population 65+ with college education ---
   % Population 65+ who are married ---
   County fixed effects YESf
N 121,696
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-8a. Logistic Regression Results on Having Any Hospice Use Among those Who Died in the Year, 2010-2012: Overall Sample, Model 1
Characteristic β AOR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan 0.069 1.071
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 0.092 1.096
   75-79 0.079 1.082
   80-84 0.158 1.171 **
   85-89 0.080 1.083
   90+ -0.089 0.915
Female 0.263 1.301 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.084 1.087 **
   Neurological disabilityb 0.144 1.154 ***
   Physical disabilityc 0.064 1.066 *
   Sensory disabilityd 0.062 1.064
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 0.067 1.069
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 0.058 1.059
   2012 0.221 1.248 ***
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population ---
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community ---
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others ---
   % Population 65+ with college education ---
   % Population 65+ who are married ---
   County fixed effects NO
N 17,221
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-8b. Logistic Regression Results on Having Any Hospice Use Among those Who Died in the Year, 2010-2012: Overall Sample, Model 2
Characteristic β AOR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan 0.106 1.112 **
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 0.092 1.096
   75-79 0.089 1.093
   80-84 0.192 1.212 **
   85-89 0.123 1.131
   90+ -0.034 0.967
Female 0.252 1.287 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.086 1.090 **
   Neurological disabilityb 0.109 1.115 ***
   Physical disabilityc 0.061 1.063
   Sensory disabilityd 0.018 1.018
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 0.063 1.065
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 0.020 1.020
   2012 0.149 1.161 ***
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population 0.172 1.187 ***
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community 0.004 1.004
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others 0.054 1.055 ***
   % Population 65+ with college education 0.000 1.000
   % Population 65+ who are married -0.040 0.961 ***
   County fixed effects NO
N 17,182g
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-8c. Logistic Regression Results on Having Any Hospice Use Among those Who Died in the Year, 2010-2012: Overall Sample, Model 3
Characteristic β AOR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan 0.083 1.087 *
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 0.087 1.090
   75-79 0.116 1.122
   80-84 0.212 1.236 ***
   85-89 0.165 1.180 **
   90+ 0.020 1.020
Female 0.256 1.292 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.076 1.079 *
   Neurological disabilityb 0.089 1.093 **
   Physical disabilityc 0.037 1.038
   Sensory disabilityd -0.030 0.970
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 0.067 1.070
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 0.065 1.067 *
   2012 0.219 1.245 ***
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population ---
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community ---
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others ---
   % Population 65+ with college education ---
   % Population 65+ who are married ---
   County fixed effects YESf
N 17,221
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-9a. Logistic Regression Results on Having Any Visit to a PCP or Specialist, 2010-2012: Overall Sample, Model 1
Characteristic β AOR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan 0.422 1.525 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 -0.006 0.994
   75-79 0.040 1.040
   80-84 0.012 1.012
   85-89 -0.003 0.997
   90+ -0.161 0.851 ***
Female 0.234 1.263 ***
Died during year -1.566 0.209 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.889 2.433 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.435 1.546 ***
   Physical disabilityc 1.110 3.034 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 1.594 4.922 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 1.636 5.133 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 -0.101 0.904 ***
   2012 -0.109 0.897 ***
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population ---
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community ---
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others ---
   % Population 65+ with college education ---
   % Population 65+ who are married ---
   County fixed effects NO
N 121,696
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-9b. Logistic Regression Results on Having Any Visit to a PCP or Specialist, 2010-2012: Overall Sample, Model 2
Characteristic β AOR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan 0.457 1.579 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 -0.014 0.987
   75-79 0.050 1.051
   80-84 0.061 1.062
   85-89 0.075 1.078
   90+ -0.059 0.942
Female 0.242 1.274 ***
Died during year -1.559 0.210 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.909 2.483 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.402 1.495 ***
   Physical disabilityc 1.090 2.974 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 1.616 5.033 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 1.668 5.300 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 -0.148 0.863 ***
   2012 -0.178 0.837 ***
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population -0.153 0.858 ***
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community 0.026 1.026 ***
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others 0.068 1.070 ***
   % Population 65+ with college education 0.015 1.015 ***
   % Population 65+ who are married -0.055 0.946 ***
   County fixed effects NO
N 120,815g
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-9c. Logistic Regression Results on Having Any Visit to a PCP or Specialist, 2010-2012: Overall Sample, Model 3
Characteristic β AOR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan 0.473 1.604 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 -0.031 0.969
   75-79 0.042 1.042
   80-84 0.055 1.057
   85-89 0.084 1.088 *
   90+ -0.052 0.949
Female 0.228 1.257 ***
Died during year -1.582 0.206 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.942 2.564 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.391 1.478 ***
   Physical disabilityc 1.088 2.969 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 1.606 4.985 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 1.706 5.507 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 -0.093 0.911 ***
   2012 -0.104 0.902 ***
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population ---
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community ---
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others ---
   % Population 65+ with college education ---
   % Population 65+ who are married ---
   County fixed effects YESf
N 121,696
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-10a. Negative Binomial Regression Results on the Count of Hospital Stay, 2010-2012: Sample with Service Use, Model 1
Characteristic β IRR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan -0.296 0.744 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 0.008 1.008
   75-79 -0.035 0.965 **
   80-84 -0.054 0.948 ***
   85-89 -0.103 0.902 ***
   90+ -0.152 0.859 ***
Female -0.021 0.979 **
Died during year 0.041 1.042 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.078 1.081 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.009 1.009
   Physical disabilityc 0.085 1.089 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 0.037 1.037 **
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 0.150 1.161 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 -0.028 0.972 **
   2012 -0.028 0.972 **
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population ---
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community ---
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others ---
   % Population 65+ with college education ---
   % Population 65+ who are married ---
   County fixed effects NO
N 24,067
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-10b. Negative Binomial Regression Results on the Count of Hospital Stay, 2010-2012: Sample with Service Use, Model 2
Characteristic β IRR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan -0.298 0.742 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 0.011 1.011
   75-79 -0.035 0.966 **
   80-84 -0.056 0.945 ***
   85-89 -0.106 0.899 ***
   90+ -0.157 0.855 ***
Female -0.021 0.980 **
Died during year 0.041 1.042 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.077 1.080 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.012 1.012
   Physical disabilityc 0.087 1.091 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 0.039 1.039 **
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 0.152 1.165 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 -0.026 0.974 **
   2012 -0.025 0.976 **
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population 0.005 1.005
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community -0.001 0.999
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others -0.002 0.998
   % Population 65+ with college education -0.001 0.999
   % Population 65+ who are married 0.002 1.002
   County fixed effects NO
N 23,879g
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-10c. Negative Binomial Regression Results on the Count of Hospital Stay, 2010-2012: Sample with Service Use, Model 3
Characteristic β IRR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan -0.296 0.744 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 0.007 1.007
   75-79 -0.041 0.960 **
   80-84 -0.061 0.941 ***
   85-89 -0.114 0.892 ***
   90+ -0.165 0.848 ***
Female -0.020 0.980 *
Died during year 0.041 1.042 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.078 1.081 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.013 1.013
   Physical disabilityc 0.086 1.090 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 0.039 1.039 **
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 0.153 1.165 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 -0.027 0.973 **
   2012 -0.027 0.973 **
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population ---
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community ---
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others ---
   % Population 65+ with college education ---
   % Population 65+ who are married ---
   County fixed effects YESf
N 24,067
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-11a. Negative Binomial Regression Results on the Count of Outpatient ED Visits, 2010-2012: Sample with Service Use, Model 1
Characteristic β IRR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan -0.475 0.622 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 -0.072 0.931 ***
   75-79 -0.101 0.904 ***
   80-84 -0.115 0.892 ***
   85-89 -0.152 0.859 ***
   90+ -0.177 0.838 ***
Female -0.065 0.937 ***
Died during year -0.013 0.987
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.180 1.198 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.012 1.012
   Physical disabilityc 0.179 1.196 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 0.108 1.114 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 0.231 1.259 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 -0.005 0.995
   2012 0.017 1.017 *
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population ---
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community ---
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others ---
   % Population 65+ with college education ---
   % Population 65+ who are married ---
   County fixed effects NO
N 36,541
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-11b. Negative Binomial Regression Results on the Count of Outpatient ED Visits, 2010-2012: Sample with Service Use, Model 2
Characteristic β IRR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan -0.482 0.618 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 -0.070 0.932 ***
   75-79 -0.104 0.901 ***
   80-84 -0.120 0.887 ***
   85-89 -0.162 0.851 ***
   90+ -0.191 0.826 ***
Female -0.067 0.935 ***
Died during year -0.019 0.982
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.175 1.191 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.019 1.019 **
   Physical disabilityc 0.183 1.201 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 0.111 1.118 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 0.225 1.253 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 0.004 1.004
   2012 0.022 1.022 **
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population 0.038 1.039 ***
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community 0.003 1.003
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others 0.001 1.001
   % Population 65+ with college education -0.005 0.995 ***
   % Population 65+ who are married 0.001 1.001
   County fixed effects NO
N 36,253g
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-11c. Negative Binomial Regression Results on the Count of Outpatient ED Visits, 2010-2012: Sample with Service Use, Model 3
Characteristic β IRR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan -0.484 0.616 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 -0.067 0.935 ***
   75-79 -0.098 0.907 ***
   80-84 -0.119 0.888 ***
   85-89 -0.164 0.849 ***
   90+ -0.196 0.822 ***
Female -0.066 0.937 ***
Died during year -0.021 0.980 *
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.178 1.195 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.018 1.018 **
   Physical disabilityc 0.186 1.205 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 0.115 1.122 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 0.223 1.250 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 -0.002 0.998
   2012 0.021 1.021 **
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population ---
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community ---
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others ---
   % Population 65+ with college education ---
   % Population 65+ who are married ---
   County fixed effects YESf
N 36,541
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-12a. Negative Binomial Regression Results on the Count of Visits to a PCP, 2010-2012: Sample with Service Use, Model 1
Characteristic β IRR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan -0.460 0.631 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 0.029 1.030 ***
   75-79 0.040 1.040 ***
   80-84 0.027 1.027 ***
   85-89 0.000 1.000
   90+ -0.061 0.941 ***
Female -0.011 0.989 **
Died during year -0.355 0.701 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.147 1.158 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.056 1.058 ***
   Physical disabilityc 0.256 1.292 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 0.150 1.162 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 0.531 1.700 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 -0.035 0.966 ***
   2012 -0.009 0.991
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population ---
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community ---
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others ---
   % Population 65+ with college education ---
   % Population 65+ who are married ---
   County fixed effects NO
N 100,622
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-12b. Negative Binomial Regression Results on the Count of Visits to a PCP, 2010-2012: Sample with Service Use, Model 2
Characteristic β IRR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan -0.460 0.632 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 0.028 1.029 ***
   75-79 0.040 1.041 ***
   80-84 0.030 1.030 ***
   85-89 0.005 1.005
   90+ -0.053 0.948 ***
Female -0.012 0.988 **
Died during year -0.353 0.703 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.149 1.160 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.053 1.054 ***
   Physical disabilityc 0.254 1.289 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 0.147 1.158 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 0.531 1.701 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 -0.042 0.959 ***
   2012 -0.026 0.974 ***
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population -0.002 0.998
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community 0.004 1.004 ***
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others 0.012 1.012 ***
   % Population 65+ with college education -0.001 1.000
   % Population 65+ who are married -0.008 0.992 ***
   County fixed effects NO
N 99,949g
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-12c. Negative Binomial Regression Results on the Count of Visits to a PCP, 2010-2012: Sample with Service Use, Model 3
Characteristic β IRR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan -0.458 0.633 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 0.033 1.033 ***
   75-79 0.043 1.044 ***
   80-84 0.033 1.034 ***
   85-89 0.012 1.012
   90+ -0.046 0.955 ***
Female -0.016 0.984 ***
Died during year -0.349 0.705 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.151 1.163 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.052 1.053 ***
   Physical disabilityc 0.253 1.287 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 0.142 1.153 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 0.529 1.696 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 -0.036 0.965 ***
   2012 -0.011 0.989 **
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population ---
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community ---
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others ---
   % Population 65+ with college education ---
   % Population 65+ who are married ---
   County fixed effects YESf
N 100,622
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-13a. Negative Binomial Regression Results on the Count of Visits to a Specialist, 2010-2012: Sample with Service Use, Model 1
Characteristic β IRR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan -0.460 0.631 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 -0.052 0.950 ***
   75-79 -0.101 0.904 ***
   80-84 -0.201 0.818 ***
   85-89 -0.330 0.719 ***
   90+ -0.540 0.583 ***
Female -0.015 0.985 **
Died during year -0.298 0.742 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.223 1.250 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.016 1.016 ***
   Physical disabilityc 0.387 1.473 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 0.279 1.322 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 0.466 1.593 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 0.018 1.018 ***
   2012 0.122 1.130 ***
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population ---
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community ---
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others ---
   % Population 65+ with college education ---
   % Population 65+ who are married ---
   County fixed effects NO
N 101,830
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-13b. Negative Binomial Regression Results on the Count of Visits to a Specialist, 2010-2012: Sample with Service Use, Model 2
Characteristic β IRR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan -0.441 0.643 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 -0.052 0.949 ***
   75-79 -0.098 0.907 ***
   80-84 -0.186 0.831 ***
   85-89 -0.306 0.736 ***
   90+ -0.506 0.603 ***
Female -0.011 0.990 *
Died during year -0.294 0.745 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.228 1.255 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.000 1.000
   Physical disabilityc 0.378 1.460 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 0.270 1.310 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 0.471 1.602 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 -0.004 0.996
   2012 0.096 1.101 ***
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population -0.005 0.995
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community -0.005 0.995 ***
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others 0.007 1.007 ***
   % Population 65+ with college education 0.008 1.008 ***
   % Population 65+ who are married -0.006 0.994 ***
   County fixed effects NO
N 101,078g
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-13c . Negative Binomial Regression Results on the Count of Visits to a Specialist, 2010-2012: Sample with Service Use, Model 3
Characteristic β IRR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan -0.446 0.641 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 -0.053 0.949 ***
   75-79 -0.096 0.909 ***
   80-84 -0.182 0.834 ***
   85-89 -0.300 0.741 ***
   90+ -0.501 0.606 ***
Female -0.010 0.990 *
Died during year -0.291 0.747 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.229 1.257 ***
   Neurological disabilityb -0.007 0.993
   Physical disabilityc 0.376 1.457 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 0.268 1.307 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 0.472 1.603 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 0.017 1.017 ***
   2012 0.118 1.126 ***
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population ---
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community ---
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others ---
   % Population 65+ with college education ---
   % Population 65+ who are married ---
   County fixed effects YESf
N 101,830
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-14a. Negative Binomial Regression Results on the Count of Visits to a PCP or Specialist, 2010-2012: Sample with Service Use, Model 1
Characteristic β IRR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan -0.405 0.667 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 -0.018 0.982 **
   75-79 -0.042 0.959 ***
   80-84 -0.102 0.903 ***
   85-89 -0.178 0.837 ***
   90+ -0.313 0.731 ***
Female -0.005 0.995
Died during year -0.410 0.664 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.211 1.235 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.047 1.048 ***
   Physical disabilityc 0.358 1.431 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 0.256 1.292 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 0.584 1.793 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 -0.005 0.995
   2012 0.053 1.054 ***
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population ---
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community ---
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others ---
   % Population 65+ with college education ---
   % Population 65+ who are married ---
   County fixed effects NO
N 114,371
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-14b. Negative Binomial Regression Results on the Count of Visits to a PCP or Specialist, 2010-2012: Sample with Service Use, Model 2
Characteristic β IRR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan -0.391 0.677 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 -0.018 0.982 **
   75-79 -0.038 0.963 ***
   80-84 -0.088 0.916 ***
   85-89 -0.155 0.856 ***
   90+ -0.280 0.756 ***
Female -0.003 0.997
Died during year -0.406 0.667 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.217 1.242 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.035 1.035 ***
   Physical disabilityc 0.350 1.419 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 0.246 1.279 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 0.588 1.800 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 -0.027 0.974 ***
   2012 0.018 1.018 ***
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population 0.015 1.015 **
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community 0.003 1.003 *
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others 0.016 1.016 ***
   % Population 65+ with college education 0.005 1.005 ***
   % Population 65+ who are married -0.011 0.989 ***
   County fixed effects NO
N 113,562g
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-14c. Negative Binomial Regression Results on the Count of Visits to a PCP or Specialist, 2010-2012: Sample with Service Use, Model 3
Characteristic β IRR
Enrolled in an MSHO plan -0.387 0.679 ***
Age group (Ref.=65-69):
   70-74 -0.018 0.983 **
   75-79 -0.035 0.965 ***
   80-84 -0.084 0.919 ***
   85-89 -0.148 0.863 ***
   90+ -0.271 0.762 ***
Female -0.008 0.993
Died during year -0.399 0.671 ***
Disabilities/conditions:
   Mental illnessa 0.220 1.246 ***
   Neurological disabilityb 0.030 1.031 ***
   Physical disabilityc 0.348 1.416 ***
   Sensory disabilityd 0.243 1.275 ***
   Other medical disability or chronic diseasee 0.587 1.798 ***
Calendar year (Ref.=2010):
   2011 -0.006 0.994
   2012 0.048 1.050 ***
County characteristics:
   # PCPs per 1,000 population ---
   % Population 65+ who do not live in community ---
   % Population 65+ who live in community with others ---
   % Population 65+ with college education ---
   % Population 65+ who are married ---
   County fixed effects YESf
N 114,371
  1. Including any diagnosis for Alzheimer's disease or dementia, chronic mental illness, depression, psychosis, or schizophrenia.
  2. Including any diagnosis for neurologic impairment or Parkinson's disease.
  3. Including any diagnosis for physical impairment.
  4. Including any diagnosis for sensory impairment.
  5. Including diagnoses for selected medical disability or chronic diseases such as arthritis, chronic respiratory disease (COPD, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis), congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, or diabetes.
  6. Including 87 counties. Reference/omitted category = Hennepin County.
  7. N is smaller in this model because of missing values on county characteristics.

Statistical significance: * p<0.10, ** p<0.05, *** p<0.01.

 

TABLE A-15. Definition and Coding of Select MDS Variables
Variable Description MDS 2.0 Coding (before Quarter 4, 2010) MDS 3.0 Coding (before Quarter 4, 2010 and after) Note
Non-White =1, if AA4 in ('1','2','3','4')

=0, if AA4 = '5'

=1, if A1000F = '0'

=0, if A1000F = '1'

MDS2.0 has 1 single variable with 5 race/ethnicity categories.

MDS3.0 has 6 separate variables 1 for each race/ethnicity.

Married =1, if A5 = '2'

=0, otherwise

=1, if A1200 = '2'

=0, otherwise

Same.
Admitted from acute care hospital =1, if AB2 = '5'

=0, otherwise

=1, if A1800 = '03'

=0, otherwise

Same for this particular category.
Admitted from communitya =1, if AB2 in ('1','2','3')

=0, otherwise

=1, if A1800 = '01'

=0, otherwise

MDS2.0 has separate categories for private home/apt. with no home health services; private home/apt. with home health services; and board and care/assisted living/group home.

MDS3.0 has a single category for community (private home/apt., board/care, assisted living and group home).

Short-term memory problem =1, if B2A = '1'

=0, if B2A = '0'

(See Note column) This item is in both MDS2.0 and MDS3.0. Difference: In MDS2.0 it is assessed entirely by staff/proxy, whereas in MDS3.0 it is a combination of self assessment (if resident is able) and staff/proxy assessment (if resident is unable). This, it is not comparable.
Long-term memory problem =1, if B2B = '1'

=0, if B2B = '0'

(See Note column) This item is in both MDS2.0 and MDS3.0. Difference: In MDS2.0 it is assessed entirely by staff/proxy, whereas in MDS3.0 it is a combination of self assessment (if resident is able) and staff/proxy assessment (if resident is unable). This, it is not comparable.
Cognitive skills for daily decision making: moderately or severely impaired =1, if B4 in ('2','3')

=0, otherwise

(See Note column) This item is in both MDS2.0 and MDS3.0. Difference: In MDS2.0 it is assessed entirely by staff/proxy, whereas in MDS3.0 it is a combination of self assessment (if resident is able) and staff/proxy assessment (if resident is unable). This, it is not comparable.
Severe cognitive impairment (See NOTE column) =1, if (C1000 = '3' and C0700 = '1') or ('00' <= C0500 <= '07')

=0, otherwise

For MDS2.0, we choose 3 individual items to measure the extent of cognitive impairment (which are not comparable with MDS3.0). For MDS3.0, we define severe cognitive impairment as those who are severely impaired in daily decision making (i.e., never/rarely made decisions) and has short-term memory problems per staff assessment OR who has a Brief Interview for Mental Status (BIMS) score below 7 (on a scale of 0-15).
Total dependence or extensive assistance with each of the following ADLs:
Eating =1, if G1HA in ('3','4')

=0, otherwise

=1, if G0110H1 in ('3','4')

=0, otherwise

Same, by and large. However, there are some nuanced differences in coding instructions between MDS2.0 and MDS3.0, which could potentially lead to differences in response.
Toileting =1, if G1IA in ('3','4')

=0, otherwise

=1, if G0110I1 in ('3','4')

=0, otherwise

Same, by and large. However, there are some nuanced differences in coding instructions between MDS2.0 and MDS3.0, which could potentially lead to differences in response.
Transferring =1, if G1BA in ('3','4')

=0, otherwise

=1, if G0110B1 in ('3','4')

=0, otherwise

Same, by and large. However, there are some nuanced differences in coding instructions between MDS2.0 and MDS3.0, which could potentially lead to differences in response.
Bathing =1, if G2A in ('3','4')

=0, otherwise

=1, if G0120A in ('3','4')

=0, otherwise

Same, by and large. However, there are some nuanced differences in coding instructions between MDS2.0 and MDS3.0, which could potentially lead to differences in response.
Dressing =1, if G1GA in ('3','4')

=0, otherwise

=1, if G0110G1 in ('3','4')

=0, otherwise

Same, by and large. However, there are some nuanced differences in coding instructions between MDS2.0 and MDS3.0, which could potentially lead to differences in response.
  1. Including private home/apartment, board and care home, assisted living, and group home.

 

TABLE A-16. Select Characteristics of Newly Admitted Nursing Home Residents in the MSHO vs. MSC+ Groups, by Age-Sex Grouping, 2011-2012
Percentage of Residents (within column) with each Characteristic Age 65-74
Female MSC+
Age 65-74
Female MSHO+
Age 65-74
Male MSC+
Age 65-74
Male MSHO+
Age 75-84
Female MSC+
Age 75-84
Female MSHO+
Age 75-84
Male MSC+
Age 75-84
Male MSHO+
Age 85+
Female MSC+
Age 85+
Female MSHO+
Age 85+
Male MSC+
Age 85+
Male MSHO+
All MSC+ All MSHO
Non-White 23.5 15.4 25.6 16.7 11.5 10.5 19.3 13.6 8.8 5.4 12.5 6.1 15.5 9.6
Married 15.1 16.4 23.1 25.4 22.0 16.8 36.9 38.3 5.9 7.5 39.8 41.7 19.3 18.2
Admitted from acute care hospital 89.3 85.0 86.2 81.3 79.6 80.3 87.2 80.9 80.9 77.4 84.4 76.2 83.7 79.6
Admitted from community 6.7 9.3 5.6 9.4 13.6 13.1 8.0 12.5 10.1 14.9 5.5 17.2 9.2 13.3
Severe cognitive impairment 10.1 10.2 9.7 14.8 21.5 21.1 31.6 25.1 36.8 33.1 31.3 35.7 24.3 25.2
Total dependence or extensive assistance with:a 84.9 87.0 82.1 86.1 91.1 92.4 91.4 92.2 94.1 95.9 93.0 95.2 90.0 92.7
   Eating 9.7 10.5 15.9 14.1 16.5 14.3 20.9 17.0 20.6 22.2 20.3 25.1 17.2 17.9
   Toileting 67.4 66.7 61.0 67.3 76.7 76.3 80.7 74.9 83.6 83.6 83.6 82.5 76.2 77.5
   Transferring 63.8 62.2 56.4 60.5 70.7 69.3 74.9 69.0 78.6 77.6 77.3 75.2 71.0 71.3
   Bathing 70.1 72.9 66.2 70.8 75.7 78.6 72.2 78.1 80.5 83.9 78.9 82.2 74.8 79.5
   Dressing 67.8 67.1 62.6 68.1 75.7 76.7 79.7 76.8 83.2 82.5 82.0 82.9 75.8 77.5
n (Nursing home admissions) 298 1,081 195 562 382 1,935 187 758 476 2,925 128 709 1,666 7,970
% (Nursing home admissions of N) 6.9 7.8 7.4 7.6 14.2 12.3 14.0 11.4 15.1 14.9 16.0 17.4 11.1 11.8
N (All persons in study sample) 4,344 13,824 2,638 7,407 2,692 15,752 1,339 6,667 3,150 19,567 800 4,079 14,963 67,296
  1. Numbers shown in this row are percentages of residents who are totally dependent or require extensive assistance in performing any of the ADLs.

 

TABLE A-17. Select Characteristics of Newly Admitted Nursing Home Residents in the MSHO vs. MSC+ Groups, by Age-Sex Grouping, 2008-2009
Percentage of Residents (within column) with each Characteristic Age 65-74
Female MSC+
Age 65-74
Female MSHO
Age 65-74
Female Medicare Only
Age 65-74
Male MSC+
Age 65-74
Male MSHO
Age 65-74
Male Medicare Only
Age 75-84
Female MSC+
Age 75-84
Female MSHO
Age 75-84
Female Medicare Only
Age 75-84
Male MSC+
Age 75-84
Male MSHO
Age 75-84
Male Medicare Only
Non-White 11.8 8.2 1.4 15.0 7.8 1.9 5.1 3.1 0.9 9.4 4.1 1.0
Married 17.7 20.0 48.6 28.6 25.3 66.2 21.8 17.0 34.3 42.2 42.1 66.7
Admitted from acute care hospital 89.2 84.5 94.2 88.7 82.5 93.4 83.7 83.0 91.0 87.5 83.4 89.2
Admitted from community 7.0 10.6 4.4 5.3 12.4 4.3 10.9 12.7 6.8 10.9 11.3 8.2
Short-term memory problem 45.7 43.3 21.2 47.4 53.7 32.9 59.3 57.3 38.1 69.5 67.1 48.9
Long-term memory problem 17.7 16.9 5.6 24.8 26.9 10.9 25.3 27.5 13.2 32.0 36.0 18.4
Total dependence or extensive assistance with: a 89.2 88.6 81.5 82.0 86.5 82.5 94.6 93.0 86.7 96.1 93.4 87.9
   Eating 17.2 13.2 8.5 13.5 16.4 11.6 18.6 17.7 9.2 21.9 25.0 13.5
   Toileting 65.6 67.7 54.4 62.4 64.2 56.5 80.1 74.4 62.9 78.1 74.3 66.4
   Transferring 63.4 62.4 51.5 54.1 58.1 52.2 72.8 67.2 58.3 70.3 66.3 59.8
   Bathing 77.4 78.9 65.3 66.2 76.6 66.9 81.7 84.8 71.9 85.2 83.8 73.1
   Dressing 67.7 68.0 57.1 60.2 68.2 58.3 80.1 74.6 64.9 82.8 78.6 68.3
n (New nursing home admissions) 186 870 4,733 133 475 3,183 312 1,942 10,931 128 724 7,370
% (New nursing home admissions of N) 8.2 9.4 2.0 9.5 9.4 1.4 15.5 15.5 6.5 14.1 15.3 5.5
N (ALL persons in study sample) 2,260 9,296 239,114 1,400 5,040 223,766 2,017 12,521 167,155 911 4,734 133,185
TABLE A-17 (continued)
Percentage of Residents (within column) with each Characteristic Age 85+
Female MSC+
Age 85+
Female MSHO
Age 85+
Female Medicare Only
Age 85+
Male MSC+
Age 85+
Male MSHO
Age 85+
Male Medicare Only
All MSC+ All MSHO All Medicare Only
Non-White 3.2 1.6 0.5 1.0 1.4 0.6 6.6 3.2 0.9
Married 6.9 6.8 14.8 36.1 42.8 53.6 20.0 18.4 41.1
Admitted from acute care hospital 82.9 85.5 86.7 85.6 83.7 86.4 85.3 84.3 89.4
Admitted from community 12.0 9.8 10.8 10.3 11.4 11.3 10.1 11.0 8.3
Short-term memory problem 71.8 74.8 57.0 75.3 74.0 63.0 62.5 65.4 46.1
Long-term memory problem 38.3 43.3 21.7 41.2 41.9 25.7 30.4 35.1 17.1
Total dependence or extensive assistance with:a 94.7 95.5 91.2 95.9 96.0 90.3 92.8 93.5 87.7
   Eating 22.6 25.5 12.3 32.0 23.1 14.0 20.6 21.6 11.5
   Toileting 82.0 79.9 72.3 84.5 79.5 71.6 77.0 75.9 65.8
   Transferring 75.3 73.9 66.3 76.3 73.5 64.1 70.4 69.5 60.3
   Bathing 81.5 88.0 78.3 85.6 88.5 76.9 80.1 85.3 73.4
   Dressing 78.8 81.8 72.7 82.5 81.7 72.4 76.3 77.6 67.2
n (New nursing home admissions) 433 3,404 11,576 97 835 5,980 1,289 8,250 43,773
% (New nursing home admissions of N) 18.9 19.9 14.7 18.7 23.6 14.0 13.7 15.8 4.9
N (ALL persons in study sample) 2,294 17,090 78,734 520 3,540 42,770 9,402 52,221 884,724
  1. Numbers shown in this row are percentages of residents who are totally dependent or require extensive assistance in performing any of the ADLs.

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