CIPSEA, which is Title V of the E-Government Act of 2002, limits federals agencies that collect data for statistical purposes from using the data for any other purpose.4 Under this law, agencies must clearly distinguish between data collected for statistical and non-statistical reasons and inform individuals at the start of data collection if the information will be used for other purposes. Additionally, identifiable information cannot be disclosed for any use other than statistical analysis or research without the consent of the respondent, unless the purpose is authorized by the head of the agency and the disclosure is not prohibited by any other law.
CIPSEA also authorizes the Census Bureau, the Bureau of Economic Analysis, and the Bureau of Labor Statistics to share business data for the sole purpose of statistical analysis. The law aims to improve the efficiency and accuracy of the data that the three bureaus collect and reduce the burden of reporting data for businesses. Under the law, each bureau must come up with systems and security protocols to protect the confidentiality of shared information and must remove any identifying information when publishing data and findings.
4 “Confidential Information Protection and Statistical Efficiency,” Public Law 107-347, December 17, 2012. Available at [http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/PLAW-107publ347/pdf/PLAW-107publ347.pdf]. Accessed June 17, 2014.