Minimizing Disclosure Risk in HHS Open Data Initiatives. 1. Title 13 (The Census Act)


Section 9 of Title 13 specifies that “the Census Bureau may not: (1) use the information furnished for any purpose other than the statistical purposes for which it is supplied, (2) make any publication whereby the data furnished by any particular establishment or individual can be identified, or (3) permit anyone other than the sworn officers and employees of the Department or bureau or agency thereof to examine the individual reports” (Gates 2011). Title 13 protections extend to any administrative records that the Census Bureau obtains in performance of its census functions. It is notable that employees who violate the confidentiality requirement are subject to significant fines or imprisonment.

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