Health Centers, including Health Care for the Homeless (HCH) Programs, generally receive federal grants from HHS's Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) to provide comprehensive primary care and preventive services to low-income people in underserved communities. These Health Centers generally also receive Medicaid and Medicare reimbursements as Federally Qualified Health Centers.34
In some case study communities, Health Centers are significant providers of health care and other services and supports to people with histories of chronic homelessness and to PSH tenants, often working in partnership with providers of mental health services and housing assistance. They offer models of possible strategies that other communities could adopt. For example:
In Chicago, Heartland Health Outreach (HHO) is a Health Care for the Homeless program with clinic, satellite, and outreach components, as well as a provider of PSH, mental health, and substance use disorder treatment, and an array of services for people who are homeless. HHO has developed innovative models of integrated care linked to housing for people who are chronically homeless, including Together4Health, an emerging Care Coordination Entity that we describe in more detail in Chapter 7.
In Los Angeles, JWCH operates the Center for Community Health, which integrates the delivery of primary care with dental, clinical pharmacy, mental health, and substance use services for people who are homeless in Skid Row. For more than a decade JWCH has been providing health services linked to housing for people experiencing chronic homelessness, and it operates part-time "satellite" centers in some PSH buildings. In the past few years, other Health Centers in LA County have gotten involved in PSH partnerships.
In the District of Columbia, Unity Health Care was founded as a Health Care for the Homeless program and operates as a Health Center serving low-income and underserved people and communities. Unity partners with Pathways to Housing DC to provide primary care services that are integrated with behavioral health services and linked to housing assistance for people who are homeless and have serious mental illness (SMI).