Cross-sectional data on Work First caseloads in Mecklenburg County show that reduction of the white caseload is happening much faster than reduction of the non-white caseload. Life table analyses were conducted for 22 entry cohorts over a four-year period (1995-1998) to lend support to the hypotheses of differing rates of exit by race. The results were mixed. For each year examined from 1995-1997, three of the entry cohorts showed significant differences in rate of exit by race, and three cohorts showed no significant differences. In 1998, only one of the four entry cohorts showed significant differences by race.