Measures of Material Hardship: Final Report. Variations in Frequency of Material Hardship by Household Characteristics


The potential usefulness of various proposed measures of material hardship depends on how these measures vary across households in different situations. We evaluated whether hardship measures used in the literature show greater frequency among households that are financially better off. Patterns also may vary substantively between urban and rural households, as their needs and opportunities differ. Finally, patterns may vary markedly among households headed by single adults, by married couples and other multiple adult configurations. These patterns are presented and discussed in the following sections.

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