Measures of Material Hardship: Final Report. Conceptual Challenges in Defining Material Hardship


Researchers face a number of conceptual challenges in defining material hardship: 1) whether to measure "absolute" or "relative" material need; 2) what process should be used to determine material needs; and 3) what role should be played by individual choice and personal preferences. We discuss these themes below and consider their implications for measuring material hardship.

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