Maximizing the Value of Philanthropic Efforts through Planned Partnerships between the U.S. Government and Private Foundations. Introduction

through private donations and public resources, lend their support to the promotion of human and social welfare on a large scale. Giving USA (2007) estimates that private charitable giving in the U.S. totaled nearly $300 billion in 2006roughly $1,000 for every American.[1] These giftsby individuals and households (76 percent of the total), bequests (8 percent), corporations (4 percent), and foundations (12 percent)supported religious activities, human services such as food and shelter, health services and assistance, education, the arts and culture, the environment, and other causes undertaken both domestically and abroad. In addition to these private donations, Americans provided roughly $700 billion through grant and assistance programs operated by the U.S. government (USG) in fiscal year 2006a form of public philanthropy.[2] In total, then, Americans spent more than $1 trillion in private and public funds to promote human and social welfare in 2006. Of this amount, at least $26 billion went to aid developing countries.[3] Total private and public philanthropic spending by Americans was thus larger than the gross domestic product of all but the 14 largest nations in the world in 2007 (adjusted for purchasing power parity).

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