Maximizing the Value of Philanthropic Efforts through Planned Partnerships between the U.S. Government and Private Foundations. Foundation and USG Funding Priorities and Trends Compared

05/01/2009

U.S.-based foundations and USG together provided $734 billion in philanthropic funding in 2006, at home and across the globe. To paint a clearer picture of the differences and similarities in their philanthropic agendas and priorities, we provide in this section bar charts showing the distribution of their spending across sectors and geographic regions, using the information presented in tabular form in sections B and C.

Internationally, both foundation and USG spending reflect strong priorities for health and development efforts.

As measured by the share of funding in 2006 devoted to each sector, foundations give health top priority (53 percent of spending, figure D.1), but they also focus strongly on development (23 percent). In 2006 the majority of foundation international spending on health was directed to public health (38 percent), followed by AIDS research (11 percent) and reproductive health care facilities (10 percent) (not shown).

Like foundations, USG also focused spending on health and development, although the relative order is reversed. USG devoted 48 percent of its international philanthropic spending to development and 18 percent to health (Figure D.2). Spending on relief was also important for USG, representing 12 percent of all international funding in 2006.

FIGURE D.1
DISTRIBUTION OF FOUNDATION INTERNATIONAL SPENDING BY SECTOR IN 2006

This bar chart shows 53% on health, 8% on environment, 7% on education, 4% on human services, 23% on development, and 4% on relief.

DISTRIBUTION OF FOUNDATION INTERNATIONAL SPENDING BY SECTOR IN 2006

FIGURE D.2:
DISTRIBUTION OF USG INTERNATIONAL SPENDING BY SECTOR IN 2006
(IN MILLIONS 2006 $)

This bar chart shows 18% on health, 5% on environment, 2% on education, 6% on human services, 48% on development, and 12% on relief.

DISTRIBUTION OF USG INTERNATIONAL SPENDING BY SECTOR IN 2006

Sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East receive the bulk of foundation and USG philanthropic funding, respectively.

Foundation international spending is most heavily concentrated in sub-Saharan Africa, with half of this spending focused on that region and less than five percent on the Middle East and North Africa (Figure D.3).

The USGs engagement in the Middle East is reflected by the relatively high allocation of philanthropic spending to the Middle East and North Africa region (33 percent; Figure D.4). At 32 percent, however, USG spending in sub-Saharan Africa is roughly equivalent to spending in the Middle East and North Africa.

FIGURE D.3
DISTRIBUTION OF FOUNDATION INTERNATIONAL SPENDING BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION IN 2006 (IN MILLIONS 2006 $).

This bar chart shows 14% on East Asia and the Pacific, 2% on Eastern Europe and Central Asia, 17% on Latin America and the Caribbean, 4% on the Middle East and North Africa, 13% on South Asia, and 50% on Sub-Saharan Africa.

DISTRIBUTION     OF FOUNDATION INTERNATIONAL SPENDING BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION     IN 2006

FIGURE D.4:
DISTRIBUTION OF USG INTERNATIONAL SPENDING BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION IN 2006 (IN MILLIONS 2006$)

This bar chart shows 4% on East Asia and the Pacific, 7% on Eastern Europe and Central Asia, 11% on Latin America and the Caribbean, 33% on the Middle East and North Africa, 13% on South Asia, and 32% on Sub-Saharan Africa.

DISTRIBUTION OF USG INTERNATIONAL SPENDING BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION IN 2006

Priorities in domestic philanthropy differ between foundations and USG.

In 2006, foundations focused spending within the United States on education and health (Figure D.5). Together these sectors made up 64 percent of their domestic spending. In contrast, USG domestic philanthropy was heavily concentrated on human services and development (Figure D.6). Combined, these two sectors took up 72 percent of USG spending.

 

FIGURE D.5:
DISTRIBUTION OF FOUNDATION DOMESTIC SPENDING BY SECTOR IN 2006 (IN MILLIONS 2006 $)

This bar chart shows 25% on health, 6% on environment, 39% on education, 18% on human services, 11% on development, and 1% on relief.

DISTRIBUTION OF FOUNDATION DOMESTIC SPENDING BY SECTOR     IN 2006

FIGURE D.6:
DISTRIBUTION OF USG DOMESTIC SPENDING BY SECTOR IN FY 2006 (IN MILLIONS 2006 $)

This bar chart shows 6% on health, 3% on environment, 16% on education, 40% on human services, 32% on development, and 3% on relief.

DISTRIBUTION     OF USG DOMESTIC SPENDING BY SECTOR IN FY 2006

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