The Gates Foundations stated mission is to help all people lead healthy, productive lives. The Gates Foundation was officially established in January 2000, building on previous philanthropic work undertaken through the Microsoft Corporation, which sought to expand access to Internet technology within the United States. With the creation of the Gates Foundation, these philanthropic efforts expanded substantially, focusing primarily on three key program areasglobal health, global development, and domestic education. Two of the program areas, global health and global development, account for about 80 percent of the Foundations grant-making activities.
Since 2004, the Global Health Program has funded more than a thousand grants in an effort to:
- Discover new insights on how to fight serious diseases and other health problems affecting developing countries;
- Develop effective and affordable vaccines, medicines, and other health tools; and
- Deliver proven health solutions to those who need them most.
While the Gates Foundation is involved with a range of activities, this case study focuses mainly on the malaria program created as part of the Global Health Program. Malaria is the focus of one of 11 Global Health Program primary areas. Others include diarrhea; HIV/AIDS; nutrition; maternal, newborn, and child health; neglected diseases; pneumonia; tobacco; tuberculosis; polio; and vaccine-preventable diseases.