Interaction is a strong component of PMI. The initiative interacts with five different groups. First, it is structured as a collaborative partnership between USAID and the CDC, with input from steering group partners. Second, it coordinates with the governments of target countries in Africa and with local public agencies including specific health ministries. For instance, it supports the improvement of local pharmaceutical management systems to improve the distribution of essential medicines.
Third, PMI supports nongovernment and community- and faith-based organizations in their local anti-malaria efforts through a separate grant program. The Malaria Communities Program, managed by PMI with $30 million of funding over five years, provides grants to these types of grassroots organizations to expand prevention and control activities to the communities where they are needed most.
Fourth, PMI has invited partnerships with the private sector and has engaged several corporations or their foundations as well as PEPFAR to fund PMI-related activities or events. For example, in Angola, the Exxon-Mobil Foundation donated $1 million to support PMI objectives. In Zambia, PMI partnered with PEPFAR and the Global Business Coalition to distribute more than 500,000 ITNs to persons living with HIV. With the support of PMI, Malawi expanded its IRS program through a successful partnership with a private sector company. Private sector partners also help implement integrated mosquito net distribution campaigns in which individuals receive vouchers for nets, then purchase them from local businesses or organizations for a small, subsidized payment.
Fifth, PMI communicates and coordinates with other international anti-malaria efforts. Under the umbrella of the Roll Back Malaria Partnership, PMI coordinates with the Global Fund to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, the World Bank, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, and other donors and often co-funds activities. For example, the PMI coordinator attended the October 2007 Gates Foundation Malaria Forum. In addition, the Global Fund procured more than 8.7 million doses of an oral treatment for malignant malaria in Uganda, and PMI resources were used to support their distribution to local health facilities and community drug distributors. PMI has also partnered with donors in mass campaigns to procure and distribute ITNs. In some cases, PMI procured nets for these campaigns, filling gaps not covered by other partners, or provided resources for logistics or follow-up surveys.