Maximizing the Value of Philanthropic Efforts through Planned Partnerships between the U.S. Government and Private Foundations. B. OPERATIONS


Within the Global Health Program, five key divisionsPolicy and Advocacy, Global Health Discovery, Infectious Disease Development, Integrated Health Solutions Development, and Global Health Deliveryadminister and carry out initiatives within the 11 focal areas. For each area, including the malaria program, a strategic planning team comprised of staff from each of the divisions develops an overall strategy and monitors implementation and outcomes. These teams are also instrumental in determining how to invest resources to obtain the greatest impact. This structure provides an opportunity for staff to interact and plan by focal area and by type of strategy or intervention. The teams meet at least monthly to develop priorities and monitor progress.

In each program area, the Gates Foundation conceptualizes their grant-making as a series of activities that use inquiry and feedback to select and guide investments with the best chances of advancing Foundation goals. The four key stages, or steps, of the Foundations grant-making process are: (1) develop strategy (formulation and planning), (2) make grants (implementation), (3) measure progress (evaluation), and (4) adjust strategy (impact). These map well to the conceptual model of philanthropic approaches described in the literature review for this project.

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