Maternity Group Homes Classification and Literature Review. Research Brief


Although the rates of teen pregnancy have fallen steadily throughout the past decade, teenage pregnancy and parenthood remain serious problems in the United States. More than 850,000 teenagers become pregnant each year, and more than three-quarters of the resulting births are to unmarried teens (Henshaw 2003; and Alan Guttmacher Institute 1999). The majority of teenagers who become pregnant come from disadvantaged backgrounds, and early pregnancy and childbirth create additional challenges. These teen parents and their children struggle with difficult circumstances in the short term and throughout their lives. Maternity Group Homes offer an intensive array of services to meet the short- and longer-term needs of pregnant and parenting teens.

The Maternity Group Homes Classification and Literature Review provides an overview of past research and develops a preliminary classification framework for maternity group homes. The report is the first deliverable to come from the Maternity Groups Homes Evaluation Design and Site Selection Task Order, under contract to Mathematica Policy Research. By exploring the history of maternity group homes, identifying program components and service delivery methods, and describing management and funding mechanisms, this report sets the stage for further exploration of the range of maternity group homes currently in the field.

The report classifies maternity group homes according to population served, degree of structure and supervision provided, and level of support services offered. Using this type of framework to classify programs can be helpful as we think about designing an evaluation.

The report also reviews research related to maternity group homes by categorizing existing studies into four groups: those that describe the characteristics of maternity group homes, but do not report data on outcomes; those that collect some data, but without any context for comparison; those that compare outcomes of different groups or at different points in time; and those that look at implementation of maternity group homes. Included in the review of research are resident characteristics, experiences during residence, outcomes after leaving maternity group homes, limitations of existing studies, and recommendations for future research.

About This Research Brief
This ASPE Research Brief on “Maternity Group Homes Classification and Literature Review” was written by Brenda Benesch, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation.



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