Maternity Group Homes Classification and Literature Review. Appendix A: Studies of Maternity Group Homes


Table A.1:
Studies of Maternity Group Homes
Studies Data Sources and Methodology Characteristics and Outcomes
Collins, Mary Elizabeth, Terry S. Lane, and Joyce West Stevens. Teen Living Programs for Young Mothers Receiving Welfare: An Analysis of Implementation and Issues in Service Delivery. Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Human Services, vol. 84, no. 1, 2003, pp. 31-38.

Collins, Mary Elizabeth, Cristi Lemon, and Elizabeth Street. A Consumer Review of Teen Living Programs: Teen Parents Satisfaction with Program Components and Services. Families in Society, vol. 81, no. 3, 2000, pp. 284-293.

Collins, Mary Elizabeth, Joyce West Stevens, and Terry S. Lane. Teenage Parents and Welfare Reform: Findings from a Survey of Teenagers Affected by Living Requirements. Social Work, vol. 45, no. 4, July 2000, pp. 327-338.

Site visits to 21 TLP sites in 1998 and surveys of 72 current and 127 past residents (about one year, on average, after leaving the home); 69 percent response rate; outcomes of TLP residents compared to program expectations and to external data on similar populations Describes Massachusetts Teen Living Program (TLP) and its residents; presents outcomes on health, TANF receipt, education/training, employment, repeat pregnancy, housing/homelessness, abuse, and various dimensions of participant satisfaction


Cooper, Edith Fairman. Second Chance Homes: Federal Funding, Programs, and Services. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service Report for Congress. September 29, 2003. Based on other literature Discusses selected results of other studies on maternity group homes
The Economist. Another Home, Another Chance. Economist, vol. 336, no. 7931, September 9, 1995, pp. 32-33. Based on other literature


Presents select results from a few maternity group homes (Homes for the Homeless American Family Inns, Crittenton House, St. Anns, and Bridgewater)
Fischer, Robert L. Toward Self-Sufficiency: Evaluating a Transitional Housing Program for Homeless Families. Policy Studies Journal, vol. 28, no. 2, 2000. Administrative data on 98 families, and surveys of participants and staff; 58% response rate for exit interviews, 55% for followup; outcomes compared to external data on similar populations, to different cohorts, and to the same individuals at different points in time Describes the Family Development Center in Georgia and its residents; presents outcomes on employment, education/training, earnings, housing, receipt of public assistance, and repeat pregnancy
Georgia Campaign for Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention. Accessed January 2004.


Program documents Presents outcomes at exit from Georgias network on education, employment, and immunizations
Koniak-Griffin, Deborah. Psychosocial and clinical variables in pregnant adolescents: A Survey of maternity home residents. Journal of Adolescent Health Care, vol. 10, no. 1, January 1989, pp. 23-29. Surveys of 90 pregnant teen residents of two maternity homes in Los Angeles to measure self esteem, social support, and attachment to unborn child; compared sample to results of other studies of different populations Presents outcomes during residence on self-esteem, social support, and attachment to unborn child


Reich, Kathy, and Lisa M. Kelly. A Place to Call Home: Second Chance Homes in Georgia. Washington, DC: Social Policy Action Network, March 2000. Interviews with maternity group home practitioners Describes seven networks and six privately-run maternity group homes
Reich, Kathleen. Improving Outcomes for Mother and Child: A Review of the Massachusetts Teen Living Program. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government, April 1996. Program records and a survey of 14 other maternity group homes in other states Describes Massachusetts TLP (and its residents) and 14 other maternity group homes; mentions selected outcomes from individual programs
Saint Elizabeths Regional Maternity Center. Accessed January 2004. Program documents; resident characteristics at intake compared to later Presents outcomes of Saint Elizabeths home residents at intake and after program on welfare receipt and education
Saunders, Edward. Residential Program Serves Pregnant Teens and Young Mothers in Iowa. Children Today, vol. 19, no. 1, 1990, pp. 8-13. Not discussed Describes the Adolescent Pregnancy Program of Central Iowa and its residents; presents anecdotal outcomes of two participants
Sawyer, Christie. Teen Living Program Network: FY 99 Monitoring Report. Prepared for the Massachusetts Department of Social Services and the Massachusetts Department of Transitional Assistance, 2000. Program intake and exit data and annual survey data on 149 TLP residents; compares characteristics of individuals at two different points in time Describes Massachusetts TLP and its residents; presents outcomes on skill levels, education/training, employment, income, and father involvement
Social Policy Action Network. Second Chance Homes National Directory. Washington, DC: SPAN, November 2001. Survey of maternity group homes Describes 95 maternity group homes around the country; mentions several outcomes in introduction, but no discussion
Social Policy Action Network. Seeking Supervision: Second Chance Homes and the TANF Minor Teen Parent Living Arrangement Rule. Washington, DC: SPAN, 1999. Review of literature on living arrangements for minor parents and discussions with providers Describes three state networks (Massachusetts, New Mexico, and Rhode Island) and. more briefly, nine local maternity group homes; reports some outcomes from homes own reports and some from literature review
Sylvester, Kate, and Kathy Reich. Second Chance Homes: Advice for States. Washington, DC: SPAN, September 1999. Based on conversations with staff at those homes Presents selected outcomes from a few maternity group homes (including Massachusetts and New Mexico networks, Bridgeway, Las Cruces Teen Parent Residence, and Seton Home) on repeat pregnancies, education, stronger life skills, and health
Sylvester, Kathleen. Second-Chance Homes: Breaking the Cycle of Teen Pregnancy. Washington, DC: Progressive Policy Institute, June 1995. Interviews with maternity group home practitioners Describes 14 different maternity group homes around the country (in appendix); presents various self-reported, anecdotal, and short-term outcomes reported on nine maternity group homes
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation. Second Chance Homes: Providing Services for Teenage Parents and Their Children. Washington, DC: ASPE, October 2000. Based on other studies Notes outcomes reported by other studies of maternity group homes on education, employment, welfare dependency, repeat pregnancies, health, child abuse and neglect
Wood, Robert G., and John Burghardt. Implementing Welfare Reform Requirements for Teenage Parents: Lessons for Experiences in Four States. Princeton, NJ: Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., October 31, 1997. Site visits Describes Massachusetts TLP

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