Marriage Measures Guide of State-Level Statistics. Texas

03/30/2008

Overview and Key Statistics

State Population

  • In 2006, Texas’s state population was 23,507,783, which ranked second among the 50 states.
  • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (48 percent), Hispanics (36 percent) and African Americans (11 percent).

Marriage and Childbearing

  • In 2004, there were 137,432 births to unmarried women in Texas, accounting for 36.0 percent of all births in the state.
  • Texas ranked 21st among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
  • In 2004, there were 76,581 births to unmarried Hispanic women in Texas, 32,197 births to unmarried white women, and 26,746 births to unmarried African American women.

Marriage and Divorce

  • In 2005, Texas had a divorce rate of 3.3 divorces per 1,000 people.  Texas’s divorce rate ranked 30th highest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
  • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 16.0 percent for whites, 21.9 percent for African Americans, and 11.4 percent for Hispanics.

Marriage and Low-Income Children

  • In 2006, Texas had 3,157,161 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Just over half of these children (50.9 percent) were living with married parents.
  • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in urban areas.  In 2006, there were 1,456,751 children in this group.
  • In 2006, 62 percent of low-income children in Texas were Hispanic, 20 percent were white, and 15 percent were African American.

 

TABLE TX-1.

TEXAS

NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

 

 

Texas

 

West South Central Regiona

 

United States

Population Group

Number of Births to Unmarried Women

Number of Births to All Women

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

 

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

 

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

Mother’s Age

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than 18

     16,212

     19,240

 84.3

 

 86.0

 

90.6

18 to 29

    102,243

    242,030

 42.2

 

 44.2

 

45.3

Over 30

     18,977

    120,023

 15.8

 

 16.6

 

16.0

Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb, c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

White

     32,197

    136,303

 23.6

 

 26.2

 

24.5

African American

     26,746

     41,664

 64.2

 

 69.9

 

69.3

Hispanic

     76,581

    188,214

 40.7

 

 40.9

 

46.4

Other

      1,436

     14,059

 10.2

 

 21.5

 

21.7

Mother’s Educationb

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than high school

     61,601

    120,312

 51.2

 

 55.1

 

60.9

High school graduate

     68,597

    180,319

 38.0

 

 40.3

 

39.8

College graduate

      4,997

     75,383

  6.6

 

  7.2

 

7.0

Geographic Area

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Harris County

     24,783

     67,179

 36.9

 

---

 

---

Dallas County

     18,900

     42,530

 44.4

 

---

 

---

All other counties

     93,749

    271,584

 34.5

 

---

 

---

Total

    137,432

    381,293

 36.0

 

 38.1

 

35.8

 

Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

a Includes Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas.

bNumber of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information.

cSee Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

 

TABLE TX-2.

TEXAS

DIVORCE RATES,

BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

 

Overall Rates, 2005

Measure

Texas

 

West South Central Regiona

 

United Statesb

Number of divorces granted

     75,980

 

    112,674

 

846,166

Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

  3.3

 

  3.9

 

3.6

State ranking (highest to lowest)b

 30

 

 

 

 

 

Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

a Includes Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas.  

b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

 

Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

 

Texas

 

West South Central Regiond

 

United States

Population Group

Number of
Divorced People

Percent of
Group

 

Percent of
Group

 

Percent of
Group

Gender

 

 

 

 

 

 

Men

    777,020

 13.4

 

 14.1

 

 13.7

Women

  1,068,464

 16.0

 

 16.4

 

 16.0

Race/Ethnicitye

 

 

 

 

 

 

White

  1,109,551

 16.0

 

 15.8

 

 15.0

African American

    240,026

 21.9

 

 22.0

 

 21.1

Hispanic

    440,515

 11.4

 

 11.4

 

 12.2

Other

     55,392

  9.6

 

 12.3

 

 10.4

Education Level

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than high school

    305,476

 11.5

 

 12.9

 

 13.4

High school graduate

  1,162,242

 17.2

 

 17.2

 

 16.8

College graduate

    377,766

 12.4

 

 12.6

 

 11.9

Geographic Areae

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rural

    217,444

 13.8

 

 14.6

 

 14.5

Urban

  1,628,040

 14.9

 

 15.5

 

 15.1

Total

  1,845,484

 14.8

 

 15.3

 

 15.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

d Includes Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas.

e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas.

 

TABLE TX-3.

TEXAS

DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

 

 

 

Texas

 

West South Central Regiona

 

United States

Geographic
Areab

Family
Type

Number of
Children

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

All Areas

Married Parents

  1,608,015

 50.9

 

 48.0

 

45.4

 

Cohabiting Parents

    212,052

  6.7

 

  6.8

 

9.1

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

    324,963

 10.3

 

 12.0

 

14.9

 

Formerly married

    558,673

 17.7

 

 18.7

 

18.0

 

Neither Parent

    131,109

  4.2

 

  4.5

 

4.3

 

Unknownc

    322,349

 10.2

 

 10.1

 

8.3

 

Total

  3,157,161

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Rural

Married Parents

    151,264

 50.8

 

 46.6

 

48.0

 

Cohabiting Parents

     21,863

  7.3

 

  7.4

 

9.6

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     21,468

  7.2

 

  9.6

 

10.3

 

Formerly married

     58,580

 19.7

 

 20.8

 

19.0

 

Neither Parent

     18,723

  6.3

 

  6.2

 

5.2

 

Unknownc

     25,991

  8.7

 

  9.3

 

7.9

 

Total

    297,889

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Urban

Married Parents

  1,456,751

 50.9

 

 48.2

 

44.8

 

Cohabiting Parents

    190,189

  6.7

 

  6.6

 

9.0

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

    303,495

 10.6

 

 12.4

 

15.9

 

Formerly married

    500,093

 17.5

 

 18.3

 

17.7

 

Neither Parent

    112,386

  3.9

 

  4.2

 

4.1

 

Unknownc

    296,358

 10.4

 

 10.2

 

8.3

 

Total

  2,859,272

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

a Includes Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

 

TABLE TX-4.

TEXAS

DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

 

 

 

Texas

 

West South Central Regiona

 

United
States

Racial/Ethnic Groupb

Family Type

Number of
Children

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

White

Married Parents

    323,218

 51.6

 

 51.8

 

52.3

 

Cohabiting Parents

     43,101

  6.9

 

  7.1

 

9.9

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     28,758

  4.6

 

  4.7

 

6.5

 

Formerly married

    150,876

 24.1

 

 23.6

 

21.0

 

Neither Parent

     32,227

  5.1

 

  5.5

 

4.0

 

Unknownc

     48,134

  7.7

 

  7.4

 

6.2

 

Total

    626,314

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

African
American

Married Parents

    105,778

 22.8

 

 21.8

 

20.0

Cohabiting Parents

     26,375

  5.7

 

  5.7

 

6.3

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

    152,154

 32.8

 

 33.1

 

37.3

 

Formerly married

     92,990

 20.0

 

 19.8

 

18.6

 

Neither Parent

     34,295

  7.4

 

  6.8

 

6.9

 

Unknownc

     52,868

 11.4

 

 12.8

 

10.9

 

Total

    464,460

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Hispanic

Married Parents

  1,111,197

 56.9

 

 56.9

 

53.8

 

Cohabiting Parents

    135,906

  7.0

 

  7.0

 

9.9

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

    135,217

  6.9

 

  7.1

 

10.3

 

Formerly married

    296,466

 15.2

 

 15.3

 

14.1

 

Neither Parent

     60,678

  3.1

 

  3.0

 

3.0

 

Unknownc

    213,088

 10.9

 

 10.7

 

8.9

 

Total

  1,952,552

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Other

Married Parents

     67,822

 59.6

 

 50.4

 

50.0

Cohabiting Parents

      6,670

  5.9

 

  7.4

 

9.5

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

      8,834

  7.8

 

 10.8

 

12.0

 

Formerly married

     18,341

 16.1

 

 18.9

 

15.8

 

Neither Parent

      3,909

  3.4

 

  4.0

 

4.0

 

Unknownc

      8,259

  7.3

 

  8.4

 

8.7

 

Total

    113,835

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

a Includes Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

 

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