Marriage Measures Guide of State-Level Statistics. Tennessee

03/30/2008

Overview and Key Statistics

State Population

  • In 2006, Tennessee’s state population was 6,038,803, which ranked 17th among the 50 states.
  • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (78 percent) and African Americans (17 percent).

Marriage and Childbearing

  • In 2004, there were 30,419 births to unmarried women in Tennessee, accounting for 38.2 percent of all births in the state.
  • Tennessee ranked 13th among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
  • In 2004, there were 15,505 births to unmarried white women in Tennessee and 11,704 births to unmarried African American women.

Marriage and Divorce

  • In 2005, Tennessee had a divorce rate of 4.7 divorces per 1,000 people.  Tennessee’s divorce rate ranked eighth highest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
  • In Tennessee, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 17.1 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
  • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 16.5 percent for whites and 23.7 percent for African Americans.

Marriage and Low-Income Children

  • In 2006, Tennessee had 664,937 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Over two-fifths of these children (41.9 percent) were living with married parents.
  • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with single parents in urban areas.  In 2006, there were 168,321 children in this group.
  • In 2006, 57 percent of low-income children in Tennessee were white and 32 percent were African American.

 

TABLE TN-1.

TENNESSEE

NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

 

 

Tennessee

 

East South Central Regiona

 

United States

Population Group

Number of Births to Unmarried Women

Number of Births to All Women

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

 

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

 

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

Mother’s Age

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than 18

      2,895

      3,260

 88.8

 

 88.1

 

90.6

18 to 29

     23,778

     52,739

 45.1

 

 45.0

 

45.3

Over 30

      3,746

     23,643

 15.8

 

 16.1

 

16.0

Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb, c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

White

     15,505

     56,330

 27.5

 

 26.7

 

24.5

African American

     11,704

     15,741

 74.4

 

 74.0

 

69.3

Hispanic

      2,851

      5,838

 48.8

 

 42.3

 

46.4

Other

        289

      1,610

 18.0

 

 20.7

 

21.7

Mother’s Educationb

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than high school

     11,719

     17,809

 65.8

 

 64.3

 

60.9

High school graduate

     17,582

     44,534

 39.5

 

 40.8

 

39.8

College graduate

        916

     16,625

  5.5

 

  6.7

 

7.0

Geographic Area

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shelby County

      7,740

     14,277

 54.2

 

---

 

---

Davidson County

      3,842

      9,011

 42.6

 

---

 

---

All other counties

     18,837

     56,354

 33.4

 

---

 

---

Total

     30,419

     79,642

 38.2

 

 38.8

 

35.8

 

Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

a Includes Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee.

bNumber of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information.

cSee Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

 

TABLE TN-2.

TENNESSEE

DIVORCE RATES,

BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

 

Overall Rates, 2005

Measure

Tennessee

 

East South Central Regiona

 

United Statesb

Number of divorces granted

     27,823

 

     82,393

 

846,166

Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

  4.7

 

  4.7

 

3.6

State ranking (highest to lowest)b

  8

 

 

 

 

 

Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

a Includes Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee.  

b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

 

Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

 

Tennessee

 

East South Central Regiond

 

United States

Population Group

Number of
Divorced People

Percent of
Group

 

Percent of
Group

 

Percent of
Group

Gender

 

 

 

 

 

 

Men

    267,841

 16.6

 

 15.9

 

 13.7

Women

    331,168

 17.6

 

 17.3

 

 16.0

Race/Ethnicitye

 

 

 

 

 

 

White

    485,330

 16.5

 

 16.0

 

 15.0

African American

     93,753

 23.7

 

 21.1

 

 21.1

Hispanic

      8,177

 10.5

 

 11.6

 

 12.2

Other

     11,749

 15.1

 

 15.1

 

 10.4

Education Level

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than high school

    112,125

 17.3

 

 16.8

 

 13.4

High school graduate

    390,504

 18.8

 

 18.0

 

 16.8

College graduate

     96,380

 12.5

 

 12.4

 

 11.9

Geographic Areae

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rural

    231,166

 16.8

 

 15.6

 

 14.5

Urban

    367,843

 17.3

 

 17.5

 

 15.1

Total

    599,009

 17.1

 

 16.6

 

 15.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

d Includes Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee.

e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas.

 

TABLE TN-3.

TENNESSEE

DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

 

 

 

Tennessee

 

East South Central Regiona

 

United States

Geographic
Areab

Family
Type

Number of
Children

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

All Areas

Married Parents

    278,355

 41.9

 

 38.7

 

45.4

 

Cohabiting Parents

     56,563

  8.5

 

  7.9

 

9.1

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

    108,842

 16.4

 

 17.4

 

14.9

 

Formerly married

    128,791

 19.4

 

 20.5

 

18.0

 

Neither Parent

     37,779

  5.7

 

  6.2

 

4.3

 

Unknownc

     54,607

  8.2

 

  9.2

 

8.3

 

Total

    664,937

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Rural

Married Parents

    134,482

 51.5

 

 43.7

 

48.0

 

Cohabiting Parents

     23,595

  9.0

 

  7.9

 

9.6

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     19,881

  7.6

 

 12.4

 

10.3

 

Formerly married

     49,431

 18.9

 

 20.2

 

19.0

 

Neither Parent

     14,780

  5.7

 

  6.4

 

5.2

 

Unknownc

     18,738

  7.2

 

  9.4

 

7.9

 

Total

    260,907

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Urban

Married Parents

    143,873

 35.6

 

 34.1

 

44.8

 

Cohabiting Parents

     32,968

  8.2

 

  7.9

 

9.0

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     88,961

 22.0

 

 22.2

 

15.9

 

Formerly married

     79,360

 19.6

 

 20.9

 

17.7

 

Neither Parent

     22,999

  5.7

 

  5.9

 

4.1

 

Unknownc

     35,869

  8.9

 

  9.0

 

8.3

 

Total

    404,030

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

a Includes Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

 

TABLE TN-4.

TENNESSEE

DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

 

 

 

Tennessee

 

East South Central Regiona

 

United
States

Racial/Ethnic Groupb

Family Type

Number of
Children

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

White

Married Parents

    200,930

 52.6

 

 51.4

 

52.3

 

Cohabiting Parents

     32,652

  8.6

 

  8.2

 

9.9

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     19,377

  5.1

 

  4.7

 

6.5

 

Formerly married

     80,600

 21.1

 

 22.4

 

21.0

 

Neither Parent

     22,237

  5.8

 

  5.8

 

4.0

 

Unknownc

     26,087

  6.8

 

  7.4

 

6.2

 

Total

    381,883

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

African
American

Married Parents

     35,008

 16.6

 

 18.5

 

20.0

Cohabiting Parents

     16,703

  7.9

 

  6.3

 

6.3

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     83,124

 39.5

 

 36.8

 

37.3

 

Formerly married

     40,060

 19.0

 

 19.8

 

18.6

 

Neither Parent

     12,586

  6.0

 

  6.9

 

6.9

 

Unknownc

     23,006

 10.9

 

 11.6

 

10.9

 

Total

    210,487

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Hispanic

Married Parents

     28,349

 60.7

 

 54.8

 

53.8

 

Cohabiting Parents

      4,581

  9.8

 

 13.8

 

9.9

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

      4,382

  9.4

 

  9.5

 

10.3

 

Formerly married

      4,295

  9.2

 

  9.9

 

14.1

 

Neither Parent

      2,254

  4.8

 

  5.0

 

3.0

 

Unknownc

      2,836

  6.1

 

  7.1

 

8.9

 

Total

     46,697

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Other

Married Parents

     14,068

 54.4

 

 41.8

 

50.0

Cohabiting Parents

      2,627

 10.2

 

 10.8

 

9.5

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

      1,959

  7.6

 

 13.3

 

12.0

 

Formerly married

      3,836

 14.8

 

 16.2

 

15.8

 

Neither Parent

        702

  2.7

 

  5.0

 

4.0

 

Unknownc

      2,678

 10.4

 

 13.0

 

8.7

 

Total

     25,870

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

a Includes Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

 

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