Marriage Measures Guide of State-Level Statistics. Pennsylvania

03/30/2008

Overview and Key Statistics

State Population

  • In 2006, Pennsylvania’s state population was 12,440,621, which ranked sixth among the 50 states.
  • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (82 percent), African Americans (10 percent) and Hispanics (4 percent).

Marriage and Childbearing

  • In 2004, there were 50,983 births to unmarried women in Pennsylvania, accounting for 35.2 percent of all births in the state.
  • Pennsylvania ranked 24th among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
  • In 2004, there were 27,755 births to unmarried white women in Pennsylvania, 14,376 births to unmarried African American women, and 7,074 births to unmarried Hispanic women.

Marriage and Divorce

  • In 2005, Pennsylvania had a divorce rate of 2.3 divorces per 1,000 people.  Pennsylvania’s divorce rate ranked 43rd highest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
  • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 12.7 percent for whites, 19.5 percent for African Americans, and 15.0 percent for Hispanics.

Marriage and Low-Income Children

  • In 2006, Pennsylvania had 1,034,813 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  About two-fifths of these children (40.7 percent) were living with married parents.
  • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with single parents in urban areas.  In 2006, there were 357,100 children in this group.
  • In 2006, 60 percent of low-income children in Pennsylvania were white, 22 percent were African American, and 12 percent were Hispanic.

 

TABLE PA-1.

PENNSYLVANIA

NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

 

 

Pennsylvania

 

Middle Atlantic Regiona

 

United States

Population Group

Number of Births to Unmarried Women

Number of Births to All Women

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

 

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

 

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

Mother’s Age

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than 18

      4,235

      4,407

 96.1

 

 95.0

 

90.6

18 to 29

     38,504

     79,567

 48.4

 

 49.5

 

45.3

Over 30

      8,244

     60,774

 13.6

 

 17.1

 

16.0

Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb, c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

White

     27,755

    106,894

 26.0

 

 21.1

 

24.5

African American

     14,376

     19,225

 74.8

 

 68.6

 

69.3

Hispanic

      7,074

     11,588

 61.0

 

 59.5

 

46.4

Other

        708

      5,285

 13.4

 

 14.1

 

21.7

Mother’s Educationb

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than high school

     15,386

     22,995

 66.9

 

 69.0

 

60.9

High school graduate

     32,079

     75,410

 42.5

 

 42.0

 

39.8

College graduate

      2,344

     41,969

  5.6

 

  7.9

 

7.0

Geographic Area

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Philadelphia County

     13,503

     21,821

 61.9

 

---

 

---

Allegheny County

      4,503

     13,231

 34.0

 

---

 

---

All other counties

     32,977

    109,696

 30.1

 

---

 

---

Total

     50,983

    144,748

 35.2

 

 35.3

 

35.8

 

Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

a Includes New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.

bNumber of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information.

cSee Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

 

TABLE PA-2.

PENNSYLVANIA

DIVORCE RATES,

BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

 

Overall Rates, 2005

Measure

Pennsylvania

 

Middle Atlantic Regiona

 

United Statesb

Number of divorces granted

     29,143

 

    109,194

 

846,166

Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

  2.3

 

  2.7

 

3.6

State ranking (highest to lowest)b

 43

 

 

 

 

 

Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

a Includes New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.  

b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

 

Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

 

Pennsylvania

 

Middle Atlantic Regiond

 

United States

Population Group

Number of
Divorced People

Percent of
Group

 

Percent of
Group

 

Percent of
Group

Gender

 

 

 

 

 

 

Men

    380,123

 12.1

 

 11.3

 

 13.7

Women

    513,098

 13.9

 

 14.2

 

 16.0

Race/Ethnicitye

 

 

 

 

 

 

White

    763,214

 12.7

 

 12.5

 

 15.0

African American

     86,163

 19.5

 

 18.7

 

 21.1

Hispanic

     29,434

 15.0

 

 15.3

 

 12.2

Other

     14,410

  7.2

 

  6.5

 

 10.4

Education Level

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than high school

    111,008

 12.4

 

 12.0

 

 13.4

High school graduate

    618,188

 14.7

 

 14.4

 

 16.8

College graduate

    164,025

  9.5

 

 10.4

 

 11.9

Geographic Areae

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rural

    122,362

 12.5

 

 12.8

 

 14.5

Urban

    770,859

 13.1

 

 12.9

 

 15.1

Total

    893,221

 13.1

 

 12.9

 

 15.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

d Includes New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.

e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas.

 

TABLE PA-3.

PENNSYLVANIA

DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

 

 

 

Pennsylvania

 

Middle Atlantic Regiona

 

United States

Geographic
Areab

Family
Type

Number of
Children

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

All Areas

Married Parents

    421,182

 40.7

 

 42.8

 

45.4

 

Cohabiting Parents

    101,507

  9.8

 

  8.8

 

9.1

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

    192,880

 18.6

 

 18.5

 

14.9

 

Formerly married

    200,758

 19.4

 

 18.1

 

18.0

 

Neither Parent

     44,930

  4.3

 

  4.1

 

4.3

 

Unknownc

     73,556

  7.1

 

  7.6

 

8.3

 

Total

  1,034,813

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Rural

Married Parents

     88,839

 56.4

 

 52.8

 

48.0

 

Cohabiting Parents

     17,544

 11.1

 

 13.2

 

9.6

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     11,215

  7.1

 

  8.6

 

10.3

 

Formerly married

     25,323

 16.1

 

 16.5

 

19.0

 

Neither Parent

      5,925

  3.8

 

  3.6

 

5.2

 

Unknownc

      8,764

  5.6

 

  5.3

 

7.9

 

Total

    157,610

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Urban

Married Parents

    332,343

 37.9

 

 41.6

 

44.8

 

Cohabiting Parents

     83,963

  9.6

 

  8.3

 

9.0

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

    181,665

 20.7

 

 19.7

 

15.9

 

Formerly married

    175,435

 20.0

 

 18.3

 

17.7

 

Neither Parent

     39,005

  4.4

 

  4.2

 

4.1

 

Unknownc

     64,792

  7.4

 

  7.9

 

8.3

 

Total

    877,203

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

a Includes New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

 

TABLE PA-4.

PENNSYLVANIA

DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

 

 

 

Pennsylvania

 

Middle Atlantic Regiona

 

United
States

Racial/Ethnic Groupb

Family Type

Number of
Children

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

White

Married Parents

    325,354

 52.6

 

 56.8

 

52.3

 

Cohabiting Parents

     70,988

 11.5

 

 10.5

 

9.9

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     48,662

  7.9

 

  6.7

 

6.5

 

Formerly married

    117,698

 19.0

 

 17.7

 

21.0

 

Neither Parent

     21,416

  3.5

 

  3.0

 

4.0

 

Unknownc

     34,697

  5.6

 

  5.3

 

6.2

 

Total

    618,815

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

African
American

Married Parents

     30,313

 13.2

 

 18.3

 

20.0

Cohabiting Parents

      9,431

  4.1

 

  5.6

 

6.3

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

    104,715

 45.5

 

 39.3

 

37.3

 

Formerly married

     46,500

 20.2

 

 18.9

 

18.6

 

Neither Parent

     18,574

  8.1

 

  7.6

 

6.9

 

Unknownc

     20,652

  9.0

 

 10.3

 

10.9

 

Total

    230,185

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Hispanic

Married Parents

     41,592

 33.8

 

 36.7

 

53.8

 

Cohabiting Parents

     12,809

 10.4

 

  9.3

 

9.9

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     26,311

 21.4

 

 20.9

 

10.3

 

Formerly married

     25,302

 20.6

 

 20.5

 

14.1

 

Neither Parent

      4,002

  3.3

 

  3.6

 

3.0

 

Unknownc

     13,025

 10.6

 

  9.0

 

8.9

 

Total

    123,041

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Other

Married Parents

     23,923

 38.1

 

 59.6

 

50.0

Cohabiting Parents

      8,279

 13.2

 

  8.4

 

9.5

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     13,192

 21.0

 

 12.0

 

12.0

 

Formerly married

     11,258

 17.9

 

 10.8

 

15.8

 

Neither Parent

NA

NA

 

  1.9

 

4.0

 

Unknownc

      5,182

  8.3

 

  7.2

 

8.7

 

Total

     62,772

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

a Includes New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

NA = not available; sample sizes are too small to produce precise state-level estimates.

 

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