Marriage Measures Guide of State-Level Statistics. Ohio

03/30/2008

Overview and Key Statistics

State Population

  • In 2006, Ohio’s state population was 11,478,006, which ranked seventh among the 50 states.
  • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (83 percent) and African Americans (11 percent).

Marriage and Childbearing

  • In 2004, there were 55,663 births to unmarried women in Ohio, accounting for 37.4 percent of all births in the state.
  • Ohio ranked 15th among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
  • In 2004, there were 34,635 births to unmarried white women in Ohio and 17,152 births to unmarried African American women.

Marriage and Divorce

  • In 2005, Ohio had a divorce rate of 3.5 divorces per 1,000 people.  Ohio’s divorce rate ranked 27th highest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
  • In Ohio, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 16.3 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
  • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 15.6 percent for whites and 25.0 percent for African Americans.

Marriage and Low-Income Children

  • In 2006, Ohio had 1,073,214 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Nearly two-fifths of these children (38.9 percent) were living with married parents.
  • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in urban areas.  In 2006, there were 297,894 children in this group.
  • In 2006, 65 percent of low-income children in Ohio were white and 25 percent were African American.

 

TABLE OH-1.

OHIO

NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

 

 

Ohio

 

East North Central Regiona

 

United States

Population Group

Number of Births to Unmarried Women

Number of Births to All Women

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

 

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

 

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

Mother’s Age

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than 18

      4,636

      4,821

 96.2

 

 94.9

 

90.6

18 to 29

     43,662

     91,588

 47.7

 

 46.6

 

45.3

Over 30

      7,365

     52,545

 14.0

 

 14.5

 

16.0

Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb, c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

White

     34,635

    116,343

 29.8

 

 27.0

 

24.5

African American

     17,152

     22,572

 76.0

 

 76.6

 

69.3

Hispanic

      2,998

      5,719

 52.4

 

 47.0

 

46.4

Other

        504

      3,561

 14.2

 

 14.4

 

21.7

Mother’s Educationb

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than high school

     17,415

     24,769

 70.3

 

 67.2

 

60.9

High school graduate

     33,891

     79,369

 42.7

 

 41.4

 

39.8

College graduate

      2,638

     41,303

  6.4

 

  6.2

 

7.0

Geographic Area

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cuyahoga County

      7,525

     16,949

 44.4

 

---

 

---

Franklin County

      6,892

     17,408

 39.6

 

---

 

---

All other counties

     41,246

    114,597

 36.0

 

---

 

---

Total

     55,663

    148,954

 37.4

 

 36.2

 

35.8

 

Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

a Includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin.

bNumber of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information.

cSee Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

 

TABLE OH-2.

OHIO

DIVORCE RATES,

BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

 

Overall Rates, 2005

Measure

Ohio

 

East North Central Regiona

 

United Statesb

Number of divorces granted

     40,181

 

    123,466

 

846,166

Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

  3.5

 

  3.1

 

3.6

State ranking (highest to lowest)b

 27

 

 

 

 

 

Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

a Includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin.  

b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

 

Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

 

Ohio

 

East North Central Regiond

 

United States

Population Group

Number of
Divorced People

Percent of
Group

 

Percent of
Group

 

Percent of
Group

Gender

 

 

 

 

 

 

Men

    445,929

 15.1

 

 14.2

 

 13.7

Women

    595,022

 17.3

 

 16.2

 

 16.0

Race/Ethnicitye

 

 

 

 

 

 

White

    869,611

 15.6

 

 14.8

 

 15.0

African American

    130,448

 25.0

 

 24.2

 

 21.1

Hispanic

     20,237

 17.9

 

 11.8

 

 12.2

Other

     20,655

 13.5

 

 10.5

 

 10.4

Education Level

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than high school

    149,255

 17.6

 

 15.3

 

 13.4

High school graduate

    731,785

 18.0

 

 17.2

 

 16.8

College graduate

    159,911

 11.0

 

 10.6

 

 11.9

Geographic Areae

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rural

    200,631

 15.4

 

 14.5

 

 14.5

Urban

    840,320

 16.5

 

 15.5

 

 15.1

Total

  1,040,951

 16.3

 

 15.3

 

 15.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

d Includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin.

e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas.

 

TABLE OH-3.

OHIO

DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

 

 

 

Ohio

 

East North Central Regiona

 

United States

Geographic
Areab

Family
Type

Number of
Children

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

All Areas

Married Parents

    417,312

 38.9

 

 42.2

 

45.4

 

Cohabiting Parents

    115,326

 10.7

 

 10.2

 

9.1

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

    208,804

 19.5

 

 17.8

 

14.9

 

Formerly married

    204,006

 19.0

 

 18.3

 

18.0

 

Neither Parent

     46,371

  4.3

 

  4.1

 

4.3

 

Unknownc

     81,395

  7.6

 

  7.4

 

8.3

 

Total

  1,073,214

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Rural

Married Parents

    119,418

 52.6

 

 54.0

 

48.0

 

Cohabiting Parents

     25,782

 11.4

 

 11.7

 

9.6

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     17,491

  7.7

 

  7.8

 

10.3

 

Formerly married

     39,356

 17.3

 

 17.1

 

19.0

 

Neither Parent

      9,274

  4.1

 

  3.7

 

5.2

 

Unknownc

     15,659

  6.9

 

  5.7

 

7.9

 

Total

    226,980

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Urban

Married Parents

    297,894

 35.2

 

 39.4

 

44.8

 

Cohabiting Parents

     89,544

 10.6

 

  9.9

 

9.0

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

    191,313

 22.6

 

 20.1

 

15.9

 

Formerly married

    164,650

 19.5

 

 18.6

 

17.7

 

Neither Parent

     37,097

  4.4

 

  4.2

 

4.1

 

Unknownc

     65,736

  7.8

 

  7.9

 

8.3

 

Total

    846,234

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

a Includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

 

TABLE OH-4.

OHIO

DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

 

 

 

Ohio

 

East North Central Regiona

 

United
States

Racial/Ethnic Groupb

Family Type

Number of
Children

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

White

Married Parents

    331,081

 47.7

 

 49.9

 

52.3

 

Cohabiting Parents

     82,413

 11.9

 

 11.5

 

9.9

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     63,712

  9.2

 

  7.9

 

6.5

 

Formerly married

    143,399

 20.6

 

 21.2

 

21.0

 

Neither Parent

     25,187

  3.6

 

  3.2

 

4.0

 

Unknownc

     48,682

  7.0

 

  6.2

 

6.2

 

Total

    694,474

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

African
American

Married Parents

     46,392

 17.0

 

 16.8

 

20.0

Cohabiting Parents

     18,013

  6.6

 

  6.1

 

6.3

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

    124,433

 45.6

 

 44.1

 

37.3

 

Formerly married

     43,261

 15.8

 

 16.4

 

18.6

 

Neither Parent

     17,621

  6.5

 

  6.7

 

6.9

 

Unknownc

     23,311

  8.5

 

  9.8

 

10.9

 

Total

    273,031

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Hispanic

Married Parents

     19,751

 38.7

 

 57.8

 

53.8

 

Cohabiting Parents

      6,485

 12.7

 

 12.2

 

9.9

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

      9,262

 18.2

 

  8.4

 

10.3

 

Formerly married

      9,779

 19.2

 

 11.8

 

14.1

 

Neither Parent

      1,292

  2.5

 

  2.3

 

3.0

 

Unknownc

      4,415

  8.7

 

  7.4

 

8.9

 

Total

     50,984

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Other

Married Parents

     20,088

 36.7

 

 43.9

 

50.0

Cohabiting Parents

      8,415

 15.4

 

 12.2

 

9.5

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     11,397

 20.8

 

 13.9

 

12.0

 

Formerly married

      7,567

 13.8

 

 16.1

 

15.8

 

Neither Parent

      2,271

  4.1

 

  5.2

 

4.0

 

Unknownc

      4,987

  9.1

 

  8.7

 

8.7

 

Total

     54,725

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

a Includes Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

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