Marriage Measures Guide of State-Level Statistics. New Jersey

03/30/2008

Overview and Key Statistics

State Population

  • In 2006, New Jersey’s state population was 8,724,560, which ranked 11th among the 50 states.
  • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (62 percent), Hispanics (16  percent), and African American (13  percent).

Marriage and Childbearing

  • In 2004, there were 34,643 births to unmarried women in New Jersey, accounting for 30.1 percent of all births in the state.
  • New Jersey ranked 43rd among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
  • In 2004, there were 14,870 births to unmarried Hispanic women in New Jersey, 10,977 births to unmarried African American women, and 8,165 births to unmarried white women.

Marriage and Divorce

  • In 2005, New Jersey had a divorce rate of 2.9 divorces per 1,000 people.  New Jersey’s divorce rate ranked 38th highest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
  • In New Jersey, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 11.9 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
  • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 18.0 percent among African Americans, 14.0 percent among Hispanics, and 11.6 among whites.

Marriage and Low-Income Children

  • In 2006, New Jersey had 535,348 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Over two-fifths of these children (43.3 percent) were living with married parents.
  • In 2006, 34 percent of low-income children in New Jersey were Hispanic, 32 percent were white, and 27 percent were African American.

 

TABLE NJ-1.

NEW JERSEY

NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

 

 

New Jersey

 

Middle Atlantic Regiona

 

United States

Population Group

Number of Births to Unmarried Women

Number of Births to All Women

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

 

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

 

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

Mother’s Age

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than 18

      2,182

      2,312

 94.4

 

 95.0

 

90.6

18 to 29

     24,293

     51,997

 46.7

 

 49.5

 

45.3

Over 30

      8,168

     60,944

 13.4

 

 17.1

 

16.0

Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb, c

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

White

      8,165

     59,953

 13.6

 

 21.1

 

24.5

African American

     10,977

     16,936

 64.8

 

 68.6

 

69.3

Hispanic

     14,870

     27,323

 54.4

 

 59.5

 

46.4

Other

        567

     10,883

  5.2

 

 14.1

 

21.7

Mother’s Educationb

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than high school

     11,077

     15,735

 70.4

 

 69.0

 

60.9

High school graduate

     20,313

     53,448

 38.0

 

 42.0

 

39.8

College graduate

      2,695

     43,483

  6.2

 

  7.9

 

7.0

Geographic Area

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bergen County

      1,498

     10,483

 14.3

 

---

 

---

Essex County

      5,698

     12,089

 47.1

 

---

 

---

All other counties

     27,447

     92,681

 29.6

 

---

 

---

Total

     34,643

    115,253

 30.1

 

 35.3

 

35.8

 

Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

a Includes New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.

bNumber of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information.

cSee Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

 

TABLE NJ-2.

NEW JERSEY

DIVORCE RATES,

BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

 

Overall Rates, 2005

Measure

New Jersey

 

Middle Atlantic Regiona

 

United Statesb

Number of divorces granted

     25,343

 

    109,194

 

846,166

Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

  2.9

 

  2.7

 

3.6

State ranking (highest to lowest)b

 38

 

 

 

 

 

Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

a Includes New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.  

b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

 

Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

 

New Jersey

 

Middle Atlantic Regiond

 

United States

Population Group

Number of
Divorced People

Percent of
Group

 

Percent of
Group

 

Percent of
Group

Gender

 

 

 

 

 

 

Men

    218,483

 10.1

 

 11.3

 

 13.7

Women

    344,121

 13.5

 

 14.2

 

 16.0

Race/Ethnicitye

 

 

 

 

 

 

White

    372,853

 11.6

 

 12.5

 

 15.0

African American

     80,430

 18.0

 

 18.7

 

 21.1

Hispanic

     87,472

 14.0

 

 15.3

 

 12.2

Other

     21,849

  5.0

 

  6.5

 

 10.4

Education Level

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than high school

     68,243

 10.8

 

 12.0

 

 13.4

High school graduate

    344,259

 13.9

 

 14.4

 

 16.8

College graduate

    150,102

  9.3

 

 10.4

 

 11.9

Geographic Areae

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rural

      7,292

  9.5

 

 12.8

 

 14.5

Urban

    555,312

 12.0

 

 12.9

 

 15.1

Total

    562,604

 11.9

 

 12.9

 

 15.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

d Includes New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.

e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas.

 

TABLE NJ-3.

NEW JERSEY

DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

 

 

 

New Jersey

 

Middle Atlantic Regiona

 

United States

Geographic
Areab

Family
Type

Number of
Children

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

All Areas

Married Parents

    231,894

 43.3

 

 42.8

 

45.4

 

Cohabiting Parents

     45,413

  8.5

 

  8.8

 

9.1

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     95,292

 17.8

 

 18.5

 

14.9

 

Formerly married

     94,837

 17.7

 

 18.1

 

18.0

 

Neither Parent

     27,520

  5.1

 

  4.1

 

4.3

 

Unknownc

     40,392

  7.5

 

  7.6

 

8.3

 

Total

    535,348

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Rural

Married Parents

NA

NA

 

 52.8

 

48.0

 

Cohabiting Parents

NA

NA

 

 13.2

 

9.6

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

NA

NA

 

  8.6

 

10.3

 

Formerly married

NA

NA

 

 16.5

 

19.0

 

Neither Parent

NA

NA

 

  3.6

 

5.2

 

Unknownc

NA

NA

 

  5.3

 

7.9

 

Total

NA

NA

 

100.0

 

100.0

Urban

Married Parents

    230,445

 43.2

 

 41.6

 

44.8

 

Cohabiting Parents

     45,413

  8.5

 

  8.3

 

9.0

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     95,176

 17.8

 

 19.7

 

15.9

 

Formerly married

     94,355

 17.7

 

 18.3

 

17.7

 

Neither Parent

     27,520

  5.2

 

  4.2

 

4.1

 

Unknownc

     40,310

  7.6

 

  7.9

 

8.3

 

Total

    533,219

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

a Includes New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

NA = not available; sample sizes are too small to produce precise state-level estimates.

 

TABLE NJ-4.

NEW JERSEY

DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

 

 

 

New Jersey

 

Middle Atlantic Regiona

 

United
States

Racial/Ethnic Groupb

Family Type

Number of
Children

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

White

Married Parents

    101,820

 58.7

 

 56.8

 

52.3

 

Cohabiting Parents

     15,846

  9.1

 

 10.5

 

9.9

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

      9,351

  5.4

 

  6.7

 

6.5

 

Formerly married

     29,737

 17.1

 

 17.7

 

21.0

 

Neither Parent

      5,783

  3.3

 

  3.0

 

4.0

 

Unknownc

     10,909

  6.3

 

  5.3

 

6.2

 

Total

    173,446

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

African
American

Married Parents

     29,886

 20.9

 

 18.3

 

20.0

Cohabiting Parents

      9,280

  6.5

 

  5.6

 

6.3

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     48,358

 33.9

 

 39.3

 

37.3

 

Formerly married

     25,425

 17.8

 

 18.9

 

18.6

 

Neither Parent

     13,584

  9.5

 

  7.6

 

6.9

 

Unknownc

     16,177

 11.3

 

 10.3

 

10.9

 

Total

    142,710

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Hispanic

Married Parents

     78,108

 42.7

 

 36.7

 

53.8

 

Cohabiting Parents

     17,386

  9.5

 

  9.3

 

9.9

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

     33,247

 18.2

 

 20.9

 

10.3

 

Formerly married

     35,514

 19.4

 

 20.5

 

14.1

 

Neither Parent

      7,292

  4.0

 

  3.6

 

3.0

 

Unknownc

     11,198

  6.1

 

  9.0

 

8.9

 

Total

    182,745

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Other

Married Parents

     22,080

 60.6

 

 59.6

 

50.0

Cohabiting Parents

      2,901

  8.0

 

  8.4

 

9.5

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

      4,336

 11.9

 

 12.0

 

12.0

 

Formerly married

      4,161

 11.4

 

 10.8

 

15.8

 

Neither Parent

        861

  2.4

 

  1.9

 

4.0

 

Unknownc

      2,108

  5.8

 

  7.2

 

8.7

 

Total

     36,447

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

a Includes New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.

c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

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