Marriage Measures Guide of State-Level Statistics. Montana

03/30/2008

Overview and Key Statistics

State Population

  • In 2006, Montana’s state population was 944,632, which ranked 44th among the 50 states.
  • The state’s largest racial/ethnic groups were whites (89 percent) and American Indians (6  percent).

Marriage and Childbearing

  • In 2004, there were 3,951 births to unmarried women in Montana, accounting for 34.3 percent of all births in the state.
  • Montana ranked 30th among the 50 states in the highest percentage of births to unmarried women.
  • In 2004, there were 2,584 births to unmarried white women in Montana and 1,069 births to unmarried American Indians.

Marriage and Divorce

  • In 2005, Montana had a divorce rate of 4.5 divorces per 1,000 people.  Montana’s divorce rate ranked 12th highest among the 44 states that report divorce statistics.
  • In Montana, the percentage of adults who were divorced was 15.3 percent, compared to the national average of 15.0 percent.
  • The percentage of adults who were divorced was 8.2 percent for Hispanics and 15.2 percent for both whites and American Indians.

Marriage and Low-Income Children

  • In 2006, Montana had 91,417 children living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty level.  Nearly three-fifths of these children (59.3 percent) were living with married parents.
  • The state’s largest group of low-income children lived with married parents in urban areas.  In 2006, there were 39,115 children in this group.
  • In 2006, 77 percent of low-income children in Montana were white and 13 percent were American Indian.

 

TABLE MT-1.

MONTANA

NONMARITAL BIRTHS,

BY MOTHER’S AGE, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND COUNTY

 

 

Montana

 

Mountain Regiona

 

United States

Population Group

Number of Births to Unmarried Women

Number of Births to All Women

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

 

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

 

Percent of Births to Unmarried Women

Mother’s Age

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than 18

        337

        352

 95.7

 

 89.9

 

90.6

18 to 29

      3,098

      7,435

 41.7

 

 38.9

 

45.3

Over 30

        516

      3,732

 13.8

 

 16.4

 

16.0

Mother’s Race/Ethnicityb

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

White

      2,584

      9,303

 27.8

 

 21.0

 

24.5

Hispanic

        152

        373

 40.8

 

 49.3

 

46.4

American Indian

      1,096

      1,496

 73.3

 

 71.4

 

62.9

Mother’s Educationc

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than high school

      1,211

      1,763

 68.7

 

 59.5

 

60.9

High school graduate

      2,496

      6,681

 37.4

 

 33.2

 

39.8

College graduate

        212

      3,005

  7.1

 

  6.2

 

7.0

Geographic Area

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yellowstone County

        671

      1,867

 35.9

 

---

 

---

All other counties

      3,280

      9,652

 34.0

 

---

 

---

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

      3,951

     11,519

 34.3

 

 33.5

 

35.8

 

Source:     National Center for Health Statistics.  See Technical Appendix for details.

a Includes Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups.  Includes only the state’s three largest groups.

c Number of births in groups may not sum to state total (bottom row) due to missing demographic information on mother’s education level.

 

TABLE MT-2.

MONTANA

DIVORCE RATES,

BY GENDER, RACE/ETHNICITY, EDUCATION LEVEL, AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

 

Overall Rates, 2005

Measure

Montana

 

Mountain Regiona

 

United Statesb

Number of divorces granted

      4,203

 

     95,945

 

846,166

Number of divorces granted per 1,000 peoplec

  4.5

 

  4.7

 

3.6

State ranking (highest to lowest)b

 12

 

 

 

 

 

Source:     National Center for Health Statistics. See Technical Appendix for details.

a Includes Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming.  

b Excludes six states where data are not available.  See Technical Appendix for list.

c This statistic should not be interpreted as the number of marriages that end in divorce.  See p. 7 for details.

 

Percentage of Ever-Married Adults Who Are Divorced, 2006

 

Montana

 

Mountain Regiond

 

United States

Population Group

Number of
Divorced People

Percent of
Group

 

Percent of
Group

 

Percent of
Group

Gender

 

 

 

 

 

 

Men

     41,708

 15.9

 

 15.0

 

 13.7

Women

     43,489

 14.9

 

 17.0

 

 16.0

Race/Ethnicitye

 

 

 

 

 

 

White

     77,625

 15.2

 

 16.7

 

 15.0

Hispanic

        559

  8.2

 

 13.2

 

 12.2

American Indian

      3,542

 15.2

 

 16.1

 

 20.6

Education Level

 

 

 

 

 

 

Less than high school

      7,591

 15.5

 

 13.2

 

 13.4

High school graduate

     60,261

 16.5

 

 17.8

 

 16.8

College graduate

     17,345

 12.2

 

 13.8

 

 11.9

Geographic Areae

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rural

     27,150

 15.6

 

 15.5

 

 14.5

Urban

     58,047

 15.2

 

 16.2

 

 15.1

Total

     85,197

 15.3

 

 16.1

 

 15.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Notes:       Sample limited to ever-married individuals ages 15 and older.  Those who have remarried after a divorce are not counted as divorced in these percentages. See Technical Appendix for details.

d Includes Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming.

e See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups and geographic areas. Estimates of racial/ethnic differences include only the state’s three largest racial/ethnic groups.

 

TABLE MT-3.

MONTANA

DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

BY FAMILY TYPE AND GEOGRAPHIC AREA

 

 

 

Montana

 

Mountain Regiona

 

United States

Geographic
Areab

Family
Type

Number of
Children

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

All Areas

Married Parents

     54,236

 59.3

 

 54.4

 

45.4

 

Cohabiting Parents

      5,479

  6.0

 

  9.7

 

9.1

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

      9,617

 10.5

 

  9.5

 

14.9

 

Formerly married

     13,758

 15.0

 

 16.1

 

18.0

 

Neither Parent

      3,271

  3.6

 

  3.4

 

4.3

 

Unknownc

      5,056

  5.5

 

  6.9

 

8.3

 

Total

     91,417

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Rural

Married Parents

     15,121

 62.9

 

 52.1

 

48.0

 

Cohabiting Parents

      1,405

  5.8

 

  8.6

 

9.6

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

      1,893

  7.9

 

  8.4

 

10.3

 

Formerly married

      2,906

 12.1

 

 17.7

 

19.0

 

Neither Parent

        615

  2.6

 

  3.6

 

5.2

 

Unknownc

      2,104

  8.8

 

  9.6

 

7.9

 

Total

     24,044

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Urban

Married Parents

     39,115

 58.1

 

 54.6

 

44.8

 

Cohabiting Parents

      4,074

  6.0

 

  9.9

 

9.0

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

      7,724

 11.5

 

  9.6

 

15.9

 

Formerly married

     10,852

 16.1

 

 15.9

 

17.7

 

Neither Parent

      2,656

  3.9

 

  3.4

 

4.1

 

Unknownc

      2,952

  4.4

 

  6.6

 

8.3

 

Total

     67,373

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

a Includes Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of geographic areas.

c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

 

TABLE MT-4.

MONTANA

DISTRIBUTION OF LOW-INCOME CHILDREN,

BY FAMILY TYPE AND RACIAL/ETHNIC BACKGROUND

 

 

 

Montana

 

Mountain Regiona

 

United
States

Racial/Ethnic Groupb

Family Type

Number of
Children

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

 

Percent of
Children

White

Married Parents

     45,504

 64.3

 

 58.7

 

52.3

 

Cohabiting Parents

      4,132

  5.8

 

  8.4

 

9.9

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

      5,813

  8.2

 

  5.8

 

6.5

 

Formerly married

     10,756

 15.2

 

 19.0

 

21.0

 

Neither Parent

      1,481

  2.1

 

  3.4

 

4.0

 

Unknownc

      3,072

  4.3

 

  4.7

 

6.2

 

Total

     70,758

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

Hispanic

Married Parents

NA

NA

 

 55.7

 

53.8

 

Cohabiting Parents

NA

NA

 

 10.9

 

9.9

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

NA

NA

 

 10.2

 

10.3

 

Formerly married

NA

NA

 

 12.9

 

14.1

 

Neither Parent

NA

NA

 

  2.9

 

3.0

 

Unknownc

NA

NA

 

  7.5

 

8.9

 

Total

NA

NA

 

100.0

 

100.0

American

Indian

Married Parents

3,712

31.7

 

36.7

 

34.1

Cohabiting Parents

758

6.5

 

14.8

 

16.1

 

Single Parent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Never married

3,251

27.8

 

13.2

 

12.5

 

Formerly married

1,215

10.4

 

15.0

 

16.5

 

Neither Parent

1,386

11.8

 

5.3

 

6.4

 

Unknownc

1,381

11.8

 

15.0

 

14.4

 

Total

11,703    

100.0

 

100.0

 

100.0

 

Source:     American Community Survey (ACS), 2006.  See Technical Appendix for details.

Note:          Low-income children are defined as those living in families with incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty line.

a Includes Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming.

b See Technical Appendix for definition of racial/ethnic groups. Table includes only the state’s three largest groups.

c Children in complex family types that cannot be distinguished using ACS data.  See Technical Appendix for details.

NA = not available; sample sizes are too small to produce precise state-level estimates.

 

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